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Publication Citation: Large-Area Chemically Modified Graphene Films: Electrophoretic Deposition and Characterization by Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

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Author(s): Daniel A. Fischer; V. J. Lee; Luisa Whittaker; Cherno Jaye; K. Baroudi; S Banerjee;
Title: Large-Area Chemically Modified Graphene Films: Electrophoretic Deposition and Characterization by Soft X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy
Published: August 25, 2009
Abstract: A facile, rapid, and scalable electrophoretic deposition approach is developed for the fabrication of large-area chemically derived graphene films on conductive substrates based on the electrophoretic deposition of graphene oxide and reduced graphene oxide components. Two distinctive approaches for fabricating conformal graphene films are developed. In the first approach, graphene oxide sheets are electrophoretically deposited from an aqueous solution after the oxidation of graphite to graphite oxide and the subsequent exfoliation of graphite oxide to graphene oxide. Next, the graphene oxide films are reduced via dip-coating in an aqueous solution of hydrazine. In the second approach, graphene oxide is reduced to graphene nanosheets in a strongly alkaline solution and the reduced graphene sheets are directly electrophoretically deposited onto conductive substrates. The film thickness can be modified by the deposition time and the obtained films span several square millimeters in area. Near-edge X-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) spectroscopy is used to study the surface chemistry, electronic band structure, and degree of alignment of the electrophoretically deposited films.
Citation: Chemistry of Materials
Volume: 21
Issue: 16
Pages: pp. 3905 - 3916
Keywords: graphene, nexafs, electrophoretic
Research Areas: Nanostructured Materials, Nanofabrication, Nanomanufacturing, and Nanoprocessing, Nanotechnology
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (747KB)