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Publication Citation: On the Design of High Efficiency Thermoelectric Type I Clathrates through Transition Metal Doping

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Author(s): Winnie K. Wong-Ng; X Shi; Joing Yang; S Bai; Jihui Yang; Hsin Wang; James Salvador; W Zhang; L Chen;
Title: On the Design of High Efficiency Thermoelectric Type I Clathrates through Transition Metal Doping
Published: April 14, 2010
Abstract: We have developed a scheme for improving the thermoelectric properties of type I Ba8Ga16Ge30 clathrates by doping transition metals, TM, on the Ga sites. TM doping introduces charge distortion and lattice defects into the materials which increases the ionized impurity scattering of carriers and point defect scattering of lattice phonons, respectively; leading to enhanced power factor and reduced lattice thermal conductivity, and therefore improved ZT. ZT = 1.2 is achieved at 1000 K for Ba8Ni0.31Zn0.52Ga13.06Ge32.2. These TM-doped type I clathrates have predictable composition, tunable band gap, and therefore, offers many degrees of freedom for materials modification, design, and optimization.
Citation: Nature Materials
Volume: 20
Issue: 5
Pages: pp. 755 - 763
Keywords: Type I clathrate;Ba8Ga16Ge30; transition metal dopants; ZT improvement
Research Areas: Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport, Energy