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|Author(s):||Erica D. Kuligowski; Richard D. Peacock; Jason D. Averill;|
|Title:||Modeling the Evacuation of the World Trade Center Towers on September 11, 2001|
|Published:||January 31, 2013|
|Abstract:||This paper provides an analysis of the evacuation of the World Trade Center towers culled from telephone and face-to-face interviews with survivors. A decedent analysis explores where occupants were located when each tower was attacked. Multiple regression models were built to explore the sources of evacuation initiation delay (why people did not immediately start to leave the building), as well as stairwell evacuation time (how long the average occupant spent in the stairwells per floor). Issues identified as contributing to either slowing or aiding the evacuation process were explored.|
|Citation:||Journal of Fire Protection Engineering|
|Pages:||pp. 65 - 81|
|Keywords:||building fires,egress,egress modeling,emergency communication,evacuation,human behavior,interviews,World Trade Center|
|Research Areas:||Fire Modeling, Emergency Egress and Access, Building and Fire Research|
|DOI:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10694-011-0240-y (Note: May link to a non-U.S. Government webpage)|