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Publication Citation: Synthesis and Single-Crystal X-Ray Diffraction Studies of New Framework Substituted Type II Clathrates, Cs8Na16AgxGe136-x (x < 7)

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Author(s): Matthew Beekman; Winnie K. Wong-Ng; James A. Kaduk; Alexander J. Shapiro; George S. Nolas;
Title: Synthesis and Single-Crystal X-Ray Diffraction Studies of New Framework Substituted Type II Clathrates, Cs8Na16AgxGe136-x (x < 7)
Published: April 13, 2007
Abstract: New inorganic type II clathrates with Ag atoms substituting for framework Ge atoms, Cs8Na16AgxGe136-x (x = 0, 5.9, and 6.7), have been synthesized by reaction of the pure elements at high temperature. Structural refinements have been performed using single crystal X-ray diffraction. The materials crystallize with the cubic type II clathrate crystal structure (space group Fd-3m) with a = 15.49262(9) , 15.51605(6) , and 15.51618(9) for x = 0, 5.9, and 6.7, respectively, and Z = 1. The structure is formed by a covalently bonded Ag-Ge framework, in which the Cs and Na atoms are found inside two types of polyhedral cages. Ag substitutes for Ge in the tetrahedrally bonded framework positions, and was found to preferentially occupy the most asymmetric 96g site. The proven ability to substitute atoms for the germanium framework should offer a route to the synthesis of new compositions of type II clathrates, materials that are of interest for potential thermoelectrics applications.
Citation: Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Keywords: Ag;clathrate;framework compound;Ge;X-ray diffraction
Research Areas: Ceramics, Characterization, Energy, Energy Conversion, Storage, and Transport