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Publication Citation: First-Principles Calculations of the Dielectric Properties of Perovskite-Type Materials

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Author(s): Eric J. Cockayne;
Title: First-Principles Calculations of the Dielectric Properties of Perovskite-Type Materials
Published: November 01, 2003
Abstract: We compare first-principles (FP) calculations of the ionic effective charges, phonon frequencies, and static dielectric permittivities ks of several perovskite-type materials. Transition metal ions have anomalously large effective charges, though in the double perovskite CaAll/2Nbl/203 (CAN), the effective charge of Nb is significantly lower than in the simple pervoskite KnbO3, showing different Nb-0 bonding chemistry. Tolerance factors, cation chemistry, and structure phase transitions all affect the nature of the softest phonons in perovskites. For the solid solution (CaAll/2Nbl/203)1-x(CaTiO3)x (CAN-CT), ks is modeled via a cluster expansion, with the parameters determined from FP. In pure CAN, ks is found to increase when cation order increases, in agreement with experimental results on analogous systems. The dielectric constant of CAN-CT increases nonlinearly with x, in agreement with experiment.
Conference: Journal of the European Ceramic Society
Proceedings: Proceedings Issue of the MMA 2002 Meeting
Volume: 23
Issue: No. 14
Location: York, UK
Dates: August 31-September 4, 2002
Keywords: dielectric properties;first-principles calculations;perovskites
Research Areas: Properties, Ceramics, Materials Science