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Publication Citation: Use of Matrices to Represent Electron Lenses. Matrices for the Two-Tube Electrostatic Lens

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Author(s): D DiChio; S Natali; C Kuyatt; A Galejs;
Title: Use of Matrices to Represent Electron Lenses. Matrices for the Two-Tube Electrostatic Lens
Published: April 01, 1974
Abstract: The use of matrices to represent electron lenses is discussed. It is shown that it is more convenient and natural to represent a lens by a matrix and that the matrix elements show a more regular behavior than do the focal properties. Thus matrices are more convenient to use in computer programs. Matrix elements for the two-tube electrostatic lens are presented and their properties discussed. A simple analytical form for the matrix elements of lenses with near-unity voltage ratios is given.
Citation: Review of Scientific Instruments
Volume: 45
Issue: 4
Pages: pp. 566 - 569
Research Areas: Electron Physics