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Publication Citation: Variable Termination Unit for Noise-Parameter Measurements

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Author(s): Dazhen Gu; David K. Walker; James P. Randa;
Title: Variable Termination Unit for Noise-Parameter Measurements
Published: April 01, 2009
Abstract: NIST has upgraded its measurement capability of noise parameters on low-noise amplifiers with a variable termination unit (VTU) in the 1 to 12.4 GHz frequency range. Such a unit allows improved time efficiency and accuracy in the noise-temperature measurements used to de-embed noise parameters of amplifiers. We present the design and the characterization of the VTU. Measured results of one particular amplifier at integer frequencies from 8 GHz to 12 GHz show satisfactory accuracy. The VTU method is also validated through comparison with results from the manual method.
Citation: IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement
Volume: 58
Pages: pp. 1072 - 1077
Keywords: Amplifier noise parameters, source pull technique, noise measurement, uncertainty analysis.
Research Areas: Electromagnetics
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (678KB)