Take a sneak peek at the new NIST.gov and let us know what you think!
(Please note: some content may not be complete on the beta site.).
NIST Authors in Bold
|Author(s):||James P. Randa; Eyal Gerecht; Dazhen Gu; Robert L. Billinger;|
|Title:||Precision Measurement Method for Cryogenic Amplifier Noise Temperatures Below 5 K|
|Published:||March 01, 2006|
|Abstract:||We report precision measurements of the effective input noise temperature of a cryogenic (liquid helium temperature) MMIC amplifier at the amplifier reference planes within the cryostat. A method is given for characterizing and removing the effect of the transmission lines between the amplifier reference planes and the input and output connectors of the cryostat. In conjunction with careful noise measurements,this method enables us to measure amplifier noise temperatures below 5 K with an uncertainty of 0.3+- K. The particular amplifier that was measured exhibits a noise temperature below 5.5K from 1 to 11 GHz, attaining a minimum value of 2.3K+- 0.3K at 7 GHz. The measured amplifier gain is between 33.4dB+- 0.3 dB and 35.8 dB +- 0.3 dB over the 1-12 GHz range.|
|Citation:||IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques|
|Pages:||pp. 1180 - 1189|
|Keywords:||amplifier noise, cryogenic MMIC amplifier, noise temperature, noise measurement, thermal noise|
|Research Areas:||Electronics & Telecommunications, Microelectronics, Electromagnetics|
|PDF version:||Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (2MB)|