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Publication Citation: Uncertainties in NIST Noise-Temperature Measurements

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Author(s): James P. Randa;
Title: Uncertainties in NIST Noise-Temperature Measurements
Published: March 01, 1998
Abstract: Uncertainty analyses are presented for NIST measurements of noise temperature. All systems currently used in NIST calibrations of thermal-noise sources are treated. These include tuned systems for 30 and 60 MHz, coaxial total-power radiometers for 1 to 12 GHz, a switching radiometer for the WR-90 (8.2 to 12.4 GHz) waveguide band, and total power waveguide radiometers for the WR-62 (12.4 to 18 GHz), WR-42 (18 to 26.5 GHz), WR-28 (26.5 to 40 GHz), and WR-15 (50 to 75 GHz) bands. Measurements through adapters are also analyzed. Typical expanded (k = 2) uncertainties for the measurements are in the range 0.7 percent to 1.4 percent, depending on the particular system and the frequency.
Citation: NIST TN - 1502
Volume: 1502
Pages: 52 pp.
Keywords: noise,noise measurement,noise temperature,thermal noise,uncertainty analysis
Research Areas: Electronics & Telecommunications, Microwave Measurement Services, Electromagnetics
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (2MB)