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Outputs and Outcomes of NIST Laboratory Research

Industry:  Project
NIST OU1/Year
Output
Outcomes
Measures2
semiconductors: resistivity EEEL/1981 test methods increase productivity SRR: 181%
BCR: 37
semiconductors: thermal conductivity EEEL/1981 materials properties test methods increase R&D efficiency
lower transaction costs
SRR: 63%
BCR: 5
semiconductors: wire bonding EEEL/1981 test methods increase productivity
increase R&D  efficiency
SRR: 140%
BCR: 12
communications: electromagnetic interference EEEL/1991 test methods lower transaction costs SRR: 266%
BCR:
semiconductors: electromigration EEEL/1992 test methods increase R&D efficiency transactions costs SRR: 117%
photonics: optical fiber EEEL/1992 test methods (acceptance) lower transaction costs SRR: 423%
BCR: 
automation: real-time control systems MEL/1995 generic architecture increase R&D efficiency SRR: 149%
BCR:
energy: electric meter calibration EEEL/1995 test methods (calibration) lower transaction costs SRR: 117%
BCR: 12
communications: ISDN ITL/1995 interoperability standards lower transaction costs SRR: 156%
BCR:
computers: software conformance ITL/1995 test methods (acceptance) lower transaction costs SRR: 41%
BCR:
photonics: spectral irradiance PL/1995 test method (calibration) increase productivity
lower transaction  costs
SRR: 145%
BCR: 13
construction: building codes BFRL/1996 technical basis for standards energy conservation energy cost savings SRR*: 57%
BCR: 
construction: roofing shingles BFRL/1996 materials properties increased durability SRR*: 90%
BCR:
construction: fire safety evaluation system BFRL/1996 technical basis for standards lower compliance costs SRR*: 35%
BCR:
automation: machine tool software error compensation MEL/1996 quality controlalgorithm increase R&D efficiency increase productivity SRR: 99%
BCR: 85
materials: thermocouples CSTL/1997 standard reference data (calibration) lower transaction costs
increase product quality
SRR: 32%
BCR: 3
pharmaceuticals: radiopharmaceuticals PL/1997 standard reference materials increase product quality SRR: 138%
BCR: 97
photonics: optical detector calibration PL/1997 standards and calibration services increase productivity SRR: 72%
BCR: 3
chemicals: alternative refrigerants CSTL/1998 standard reference data increase R&D efficiency increase productivity SRR: 433%
BCR: 4
materials: phase equilibria for advanced ceramics MSEL/1998 standard reference data increase R&D efficiency increase productivity SRR: 33%
BCR: 10
semiconductors: software for
design automation (IGBT semiconductors)
EEEL/1999 software model ncrease R&D efficiency increase productivity SRR: 76%
BCR: 23
NPV: $10M
pharmaceuticals: cholesterol measurement CSTL/2000 standard reference materials increase productivity
decrease transaction  costs
SRR: 154%
BCR: 4.5
NPV: $3.5M
photonics: laser and fiberoptic
power and energy  calibration
EEEL/2000 calibrations increase productivity
decrease transaction  costs
SRR: 43%-136%
BCR: 3-11
NPV: $48M
electronics: Josephson voltage standard EEEL/2001 standard reference materials Increase R&D efficiency
Increase productivity
Enable new markets
SRR: 877
BCR: 5
NPV: $18M
chemicals: SRMs for sulfur in fossil fuels CSTL/2000 standard reference materials increase productivity
reduce transaction  costs
SRR: 1,056%
BCR: 113
NPV: $409M
communications: security (data encryption standards) ITL/2001 standard
conformance test  methods/services
Increase R&D efficiency
Enable new markets   
SRR: 267-272%
BCR: 58-145
NPV: $345M-$1.2B
communications: security (role-based access control) ITL/2001 generic technology reference models Enable new markets
  Increase R&D efficiency
SRR: 44%
BCR: 109
NPV: $292M
chemicals: National Traceable Reference Materials Program (NTRM) CSTL/2002 reference data; calibration services Increase efficiency of regulatory compliance (content & production efficiencies for standards) SRR: 221%
BCR: 21
NPV: $49M
manufacturing:  standards for product data exchange (STEP) MEL/2002 standards development; conformance test methods/services Increase quality and assimilation of standards; accelerate standards development SRR: 32%
BCR: 8
NPV: $180M
semiconductors: models and techniques for superfilling MSEL/2008 models and techniques for research Increase R&D efficiency

SRR: 79
BCR: 6
NPV: $6.4M

semiconductors: characterization data for low-k materials MSEL/2008 materials characterization Increase R&D, production, and technology adoption efficiency SRR: --
BCR: 9
NPV: $21M
materials: combinatorial methods consortium MSEL/2009 combinatorial methods for polymer research Increase R&D efficiency and technology transfer SRR: 161
BCR: 9
NPV: $118M

Measures:
SRR: social (internal) rate of return
SRR*: social (implied) rate of return
BCR: benefit-cost ratio
NPV: net present value

NIST Laboratories (OUs):
EEEL:  Electronics and Electrical Engineering
MEL:  Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory
CSTL:  Chemical Science and Technology Laboratory
PL: Physics Laboratory
MSEL:  Materials Science and Engineering Laboratory
BFRL:  Building and Fire Research Laboratory
ITL:  Information Technology Laboratory