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Displaying records 41 to 50 of 408 records.
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41. Measuring Organelle Shape in 3D in Stem Cells Cultured on Nanofiber Scaffolds
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 4/19/2014
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr., Peter Bajcsy, Wojtek J Tutak, Jyotsnendu J. Giri
Abstract: Previous work has demonstrated that culture of osteoprogenitor cells on nanofiber scaffolds can potentiate osteogenic differentiation [1-4]. Culture of cells in nanofiber scaffolds causes changes to cell morphology, suggesting that morphological ...

42. Recent Advances in Focused Ion Beam Technology and Applications
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 4/11/2014
Authors: Nabil Bassim, Keana C K Scott, Lucille A Giannuzzi
Abstract: Focused ion beam (FIB) microscopes are extremely versatile and powerful instruments for materials research. These microscopes, when coupled in a system with a scanning electron microscope (SEM), offer the opportunity for novel sample imaging, secti ...

43. Measuring Stem Cell Dimensionality in Tissue Scaffolds
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 4/1/2014
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr., Sapun Parekh, Christopher K. Tison, Girish Kumar, Tanya M. Farooque, Charles H Camp
Abstract: Many 3D scaffold systems have evolved for tissue engineering, drug screening and in vitro tissue models. However, it is not clear which scaffolds provide a 3D cell niche and there is no clear way to measure cell niche dimensionality. Advances in 3D ...

Topic: Materials Science
Published: 3/7/2014
Authors: Lamuel David, Ari D Feldman, Elisabeth Mansfield, John H Lehman, Gurpreet Singh
Abstract: Carbon nanotubes and graphene are known to exhibit some exceptional thermal (K~2000 to 4400 W.m-1K-1at 300K) and optical properties. Here, we demonstrate preparation and testing of multiwalled carbon nanotubes and chemically modified graphene-composi ...

45. Roadmap for Developing Measurement Science for Predicting the Service Life of Polymers Used in Photovoltaic (PV) Systems
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7971
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 2/24/2014
Authors: Xiaohong Gu, Joannie W Chin

46. A Detailed Failure Analysis Examination of the Effect of Thermal Cycling on Cu TSV Reliability
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/1/2014
Authors: Chukwudi Azubuike Okoro, June Waiyin Lau, Yaw S Obeng, Klaus Hummler
Abstract: In this work, a detailed failure analysis of the physical root cause for the increase in electrical resistance and radio-frequency (RF) transmission coefficient of through-silicon via (TSV) daisy chain was investigated. Six different failure modes we ...

47. Connection of Kinetic Monte Carlo Model for Surfaces to Step-Continuum Theory in 1+1 Dimensions
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 1/1/2014
Authors: Paul N. Patrone, Dionisios Margetis

48. Towards a Reference Polyurethane Foam and Bench Scale Test for Assessing Smoldering in Upholstered Furniture
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/8/2013
Authors: Mauro Zammarano, Szabolcs Matko, William M Pitts, Douglas Matthew Fox, Rick D Davis
Abstract: Smoldering poses a severe fire hazard due to the potentially lethal amount of toxic carbon monoxide released, and the possibility to reach flashover (through transition from smoldering to flaming) with heat sources otherwise too weak to directly ...

49. Impact of UV Irradiation on the Surface Chemistry and Structure of Multiwall Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Nanocomposites
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/6/2013
Authors: Elijah J Petersen, Thomas F. Lam, Justin M Gorham, Keana C K Scott, Christian John Long, Deborah L Stanley, Renu Sharma, James Alexander Liddle, Tinh Nguyen
Abstract: One of the most promising applications of nanomaterials is as nanofillers to enhance the properties of polymeric materials. However, the effect of nanofillers on polymers subject to typical environmental stresses, such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation, ...

50. Airbrushed Nanofiber Scaffolds Support Bone Marrow Stromal Cell Differentiation
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/1/2013
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr., Wojtek J Tutak, Sumona Sarkar, Tanya M. Farooque, Jyotsnendu J. Giri, Dongbo Wang, Sheng Lin-Gibson, Joachim Kohn, Durgadas Bolikal
Abstract: Nanofiber scaffolds are effective for tissue engineering since they emulate the fibrous nanostructure of native extracellular matrix (ECM). Although electrospinning has been the most common approach for fabricating nanofiber scaffolds, airbrushi ...

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