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Topic Area: Materials Science

Displaying records 291 to 300 of 526 records.
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291. Laser Patterning of Diamond. Part II. Surface Nondiamond Carbon Formation and its Removal
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/30/2009
Authors: Daniel A Fischer, John Smedley, Trvini Rao, Cherno Jaye, Jen Bohon
Abstract: As diamond becomes more prevalent for electronic and research applications, methods of patterning diamond will be required. One such method, laser ablation, has been investigated in a related work.1 We report on the formation of surface non-diamond c ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902382

292. Oxygen Vacancies in N doped anatase TiO2: Experiment and first principles calculations
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/27/2009
Authors: Joseph C Woicik, Abdul K. Rumaiz, Eric J Cockayne, H. Y. Lin, G. Hassnain Jaffari, S. Ismat Shah
Abstract: Abdul K. Rumaiz; J.C. Woicik; E. Cockayne; H.Y. Lin; G. Hassnain Jaffari and S. Ismat Shah
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=903541

293. RECENT INVESTIGATIONS OF Sr-Ca-Co-O THERMOELECTRIC MATERIALS
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/21/2009
Authors: Winnie K Wong-Ng, Guangyao Liu, Makoto Otani, Evan L. Thomas, Nathan Lowhorn, Martin L Green, James A. Kaduk
Abstract: Three low-dimension cobaltites in the Sr-Ca-Co-O system have been studied for their structure and thermoelectric properties. Using x-ray pole figure construction technique, a Ca3Co4O9 thin film showed excellent fiber texture but no ab in-plane textur ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901376

294. First-principles phase diagram calculations for the HfC-TiC, ZrC-TiC and HfC-ZrC solid solutions
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/10/2009
Authors: Benjamin P Burton, G. Steinle-Neumann, A, van de Walle
Abstract: We report first principles phase diagram calculations for the quasibinary systems HfC-TiC, TiC-ZrC and HfC-ZrC. Plane-wave pseudopotential methods were used to compute formation energies for superstructures of various bulk compositions, which were u ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902397

295. Generation of Monolayer Gradients in Surface Energy and Chemistry for Block Copolymer Thin Film Studies
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 12/1/2009
Authors: Julie N. L. Albert, Michael J. Baney, Christopher M Stafford, Jennifer Y. Kelly, Thomas H Epps
Abstract: We utilize an innovative vapor deposition set-up and cross-diffusion of functionalized chlorosilanes under dynamic vacuum to generate a linear gradient in surface energy and composition on a silicon substrate. The gradient can be tuned by manipulati ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902680

296. A METHODOLOGY FOR DETECTING RESIDUAL PHOSPHORIC ACID IN POLYBENZOXAZOLE FIBERS
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/24/2009
Authors: Eun S. Park, John R Sieber, Charles Martin Guttman, Kirk D Rice, Kathleen M. Flynn, Stephanie S Watson, Gale Antrus Holmes
Abstract: There is great interest in the degradation of ballistic fibers from exposure to sunlight and high humidity, because it directly affects the lives of people who use protective ballistic armor. However, to date, no mechanism has been found to explain ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902056

297. Early-Age Cracking Review: Mechanisms, Material Properties, and Mitigation Strategies
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/2/2009
Author: Dale P Bentz
Abstract: For the long term performance of concrete to be acceptable and predictable, in general, early-age cracking should be avoided. Improper design practices can contribute to early-age cracking, but for this review, it will be assumed that a correct desi ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901945

298. Cost-effectiveness, Carbon Emissions, and Carbon Tax Implications of Energy Efficiency Measures in New Commercial Buildings.
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/1/2009
Authors: Joshua D Kneifel, Barbara C. Lippiatt
Abstract: Building energy efficiency has become a top priority due to the recent energy price spikes and increasing concern regarding climate change. New buildings are the easiest and least costly in which to increase energy efficiency, making new construction ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=902101

299. Mineralogical and Microstructural Evolution Review
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 11/1/2009
Author: Kenneth Alan Snyder
Abstract: The mineralogical and microstructural changes that occur in cementitious systems during hydration are summarized. The discussion concentrates on changes that may occur in iso-thermal systems that do not interact with the environment. The discussion ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901944

300. High efficiency of natural lamellar remanent magnetisation in single grains of ilmeno-hematite calculated using Mössbauer spectroscopy
Topic: Materials Science
Published: 10/30/2009
Authors: Benjamin P Burton, S. McEnroe, C. McCammon, Peter Robinson
Abstract: Single grains of ilmeno-hematite (titanohematite with ferri-ilmenite exsolution lamellae) approximately 250 µm in diameter were taken from Mid-Proterozoic metamorphic rocks in southwest Sweden and the Adirondack Mountains, USA, and were studied at ro ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=901408



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