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Topic Area: Radiation Physics

Displaying records 31 to 40 of 74 records.
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31. Neutron Test Results of Preliminary Measurements and Calculations Using a Handheld Instrument
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1788
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 3/18/2013
Authors: Leticia S Pibida, Craig Heimbach, Bruce R Norman, Alan K Thompson, Maynard S Dewey
Abstract: Initial neutron measurements and calculations were performed to investigate the response of handheld radionuclide identifiers (RIDs) to neutron sources with different moderators/scattering conditions

32. Validation Testing of Standard Requirements for Backpack-type Radiation Detectors
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1789
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 3/18/2013
Authors: Leticia S Pibida, Bruce R Norman
Abstract: Two gross count and one radionuclide identification backpack-type radiation detectors (BRDs) were used to validate radiological test requirements listed in the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), Technical Capability Standard (TCS) for BRDs ...

33. Characterization of the NIST Shellfish Standard Reference Material 4358
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 3/1/2013
Authors: Svetlana Nour, Kenneth G Inn, James J Filliben, Hank dan der Gaast, Lee Chung Men, M.D. Calmet, P Povinec, Y Takata, M. Wisdom, K. Nakamura, Pia Vesterbacka, Ching-Chung Huang, S M Vakulovsky
Abstract: A new Shellfish Standard Reference Material (SRM 4358) was developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) via an international intercomparison project that involved 12 laboratories-participants from 9 countries (Table 1). This ...

34. Standardization of Broadband UV Measurements
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 1/1/2013
Author: George P Eppeldauer
Abstract: The CIE standardized rectangular-shape UV response functions can be realized only with large spectral mismatch errors. The spectral power-distribution of UV sources is not standardized. Accordingly, the readings of different types of UV meters, even ...

35. Correction Factors for the NIST Free-Air Ionization Chambers Used to Realize Air Kerma from W-Anode X-ray Beam
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7887
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 10/16/2012
Author: Stephen Michael Seltzer
Abstract: This report details analyses in the development of certain correction factors for free-air ionization chambers used by the National Institute of Standards and Technology to realize air kerma for its measurement standards and calibrations of W-anode x ...

36. Testing Three-body Quantum Electrodynamics with Trapped Ti-20 Ions: Evidence for a Z-Dependent Divergence between Experiment and Calculation
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 10/10/2012
Authors: Lawrence T Hudson, C T Chantler, Mark N. Kinnane, John D Gillaspy, A.T. Payne, L F Smale, Albert Henins, Joseph N Tan, J A Kimpton, E Takacs, K Makonyi, Joshua M Pomeroy
Abstract: We report the measurement of the w (1s2p 1P1 ! 1s2 1S0) resonance line transition energy in helium-like titanium. Our result, 4749.85(7) eV, deviates from the most recent ab initio prediction by three times our experimental uncertainty and by many ...

37. Search for a T-odd, P-even Triple Correlation in Neutron Decay
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 9/14/2012
Authors: Jeffrey S Nico, T E. Chupp, K P Coulter, R L Cooper, S. J. Freeman, B. K. Fujikawa, A. Garcia, G L. Jones, Hans P Mumm, Alan K Thompson, C A Trull, F. E Wiefeldt, J. F. Wilkerson
Abstract: Time-reversal-invariance (T) violation, or equivalently, assuming charge-conjugation-parity-time-reversal (CPT) invariance, CP violation may explain the observed cosmological baryon asymmetry as well as signal physics beyond the Standard Model. In th ...

38. Justification of Shielding Requirements for Plutonium Sources
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1758
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 9/12/2012
Authors: Leticia S Pibida, Michael P Unterweger
Abstract: This report provides a justification for shielding plutonium sources when testing radiation detection instruments against standard performance requirements and test methods. The use of copper as a shielding material is proposed to provide compara ...

39. Comment on ,Estimation of organ and effective dose due to Compton backscatter security scansŠ [Med. Phys. 39, 3396 (2012)]
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 9/1/2012
Authors: Lawrence T Hudson, Jack Leigh Glover
Abstract: In the June Issue of Medical Physics, Hoppe and Schmidt presented estimates of the organ and effective dose from an x-ray backscatter scan using a Rapiscan Secure 1000 single pose system . The paper presents Monte Carlo modeling results and takes its ...

40. In-situ Polarized 3He system for the Magnetism Reflectometer at the Spallation Neutron Source
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 7/2/2012
Authors: Thomas R. Gentile, X Tong, C Y Jiang, V Lauter, H. Ambaye, D. Brown, L Crow, R J Goyette, W-T Lee, A. Parizzi
Abstract: We report on the in-situ polarized 3He neutron polarization analyzer developed for the time-of-flight Magnetism Reflectometer (MAGICS) at the Spallation Neutron Source (SNS) at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Using the spin exchange optical ...

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