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You searched on: Topic Area: Radiation Physics

Displaying records 11 to 20 of 25 records.
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11. Test Report-Exposure and Ambient dose Equivalent Rate Measurements in Support of the ITRAP+10 Testing
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1800
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 8/1/2013
Authors: Leticia S Pibida, Ronaldo Minniti, Larry Lee Lucas, C Michelle O\'Brien
Abstract: In this work we studied the response of two different Victoreen® instruments as a function of the exposure rate, the instrument orientation and photon energy. The rate dependence for both instruments is of the order of 8 % over the range of expos ...

12. CT head-scan dosimetry in an anthropomorphic phantom and associated measurement of ACR accreditation-phantom imaging metrics under clinically representative scan conditions
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 7/24/2013
Authors: Ronaldo Minniti, Claudia Brunner, Stanley H. Stern, Marie I. Parry, Kish Chakrabarti
Abstract: The purpose of this work was to measure radiation absorbed dose and its distribution in an anthropomorphic head phantom under clinically representative scan conditions in three widely-used computed tomography (CT) scanners, and to relate those dose v ...

13. Comment on "Enhanced polarization and mechanisms in optically pumped hyperpolarized ^u3^He in the presence of ^u4^He"
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 7/24/2013
Authors: Thomas R Gentile, M E Hayden, P.J. Nacher, A K. Petukhov, B Saam, T G Walker
Abstract: H.H. Chen et al [1] claim that adding 4He to spin-exchange optical pumping (SEOP) cells confines 3He atoms to a diffusion-limited region, which effectively reduces the wall relaxation factor X. Here X is a phenomenological parameter used to charact ...

14. Improving quantitative neutron radiography through image restoration
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 7/20/2013
Authors: Daniel S Hussey, Elias M Baltic, Kevin J Coakley, David L Jacobson
Abstract: This in-situ study examines the water content in polymer electrolyte fuel cells (PEFCs) using neutron radiography. Various conditions such as different polytetraflouroethylene (PTFE) loadings in the gas diffusion media including the micro-porous laye ...

15. Recommendations for Improving Consistency in the Radiation Fields used During Testing of Radiation Detection Instruments for Homeland Security Applications
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Report Number: 118.014
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 5/28/2013
Authors: Matthew Merril Mille, Bruce R Norman, Leticia S Pibida
Abstract: Several measurements and calculations were performed to illustrate the differences that can be observed in the determination of exposure rate or ambient dose equivalent rate used for testing radiation detection systems against consensus standard. ...

16. Wide Angle Polarization Analysis with Neutron Spin Filters
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 4/29/2013
Authors: Qiang Ye, Thomas R Gentile, Jeffrey R. Anderson, Collin Leslie Broholm, Wangchun Chen, Z DeLand, Ross W. Erwin, C. B. Fu, John E Fuller III, Aaron V Kirchhoff, J. A. Rodriguez-Rivera, V. Thampy, T G Walker, Shannon Watson
Abstract: We report substantial improvements in a compact wide angle neutron spin filter system that was recently employed on the Multi-Axis Crystal Spectrometer at the Center for Neutron Research at the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology. The ...

17. Characterization of a 6Li-loaded liquid organic scintillator for fast neutron spectrometry and thermal neutron detection
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 3/24/2013
Authors: Jeffrey S Nico, C. D. Bass, E J Beise, Craig Heimbach, T. Langford
Abstract: We present the characterization of a liquid scintillator incorporating an aqueous solution of enriched lithium chloride to produce a scintillator with 0.40% 6Li. We report on its performance in terms of optical properties and neutron response. We inc ...

18. Neutron Test Results of Preliminary Measurements and Calculations Using a Handheld Instrument
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1788
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 3/18/2013
Authors: Leticia S Pibida, Craig Heimbach, Bruce R Norman, Alan K Thompson, Maynard S Dewey
Abstract: Initial neutron measurements and calculations were performed to investigate the response of handheld radionuclide identifiers (RIDs) to neutron sources with different moderators/scattering conditions

19. Validation Testing of Standard Requirements for Backpack-type Radiation Detectors
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1789
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 3/18/2013
Authors: Leticia S Pibida, Bruce R Norman
Abstract: Two gross count and one radionuclide identification backpack-type radiation detectors (BRDs) were used to validate radiological test requirements listed in the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO), Technical Capability Standard (TCS) for BRDs ...

20. Characterization of the NIST Shellfish Standard Reference Material 4358
Topic: Radiation Physics
Published: 3/1/2013
Authors: Svetlana Nour, Kenneth G. Inn, James J Filliben, Hank dan der Gaast, Lee Chung Men, M.D. Calmet, P Povinec, Y Takata, M. Wisdom, K. Nakamura, Pia Vesterbacka, Ching-Chung Huang, S M Vakulovsky
Abstract: A new Shellfish Standard Reference Material (SRM 4358) was developed at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) via an international intercomparison project that involved 12 laboratories-participants from 9 countries (Table 1). This ...

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