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Displaying records 251 to 260 of 406 records.
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251. Measuring the Mechanical Properties of Nanocomposites: Potential Complications From the Mullins Effect
Topic: Energy
Published: 9/20/2006
Authors: Christopher C White, Donald Lee Hunston
Abstract: Quantification of mechanical properties, such as non-linear viscoelastic behavior, for filled elastomers (model nanocomposites) is complicated by the presence of the Mullins effect. This paper examines the potential complications due to the Mullins ...

252. Unstructured Facility Navigation by Applying the NIST 4D/RCS Architecture
Topic: Energy
Published: 9/5/2006
Authors: Roger V Bostelman, Tsai Hong Hong, Tommy Chang, William P Shackleford, Michael O Shneier
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology s (NIST) Intelligent Systems Division (ISD) is working with the material handling industry, specifically on automated guided vehicles, to develop next generation vehicles. ISD is also a participant i ...

253. Performance Standards for Urban Search and Rescue Robots
Topic: Energy
Published: 8/1/2006
Author: Elena R Messina
Abstract: This article describes the motivation and approach for developing standard test methods for robots applied to urban search and rescue missions.  The work is being carried out by Task Group E54.08.01, which is within the Operational Equipment sub ...

254. Performance Evaluation of Temporal Range Registration for Autonomous Vehicle Navigation
Topic: Energy
Published: 6/28/2006
Authors: Rajmohan Madhavan, Elena R Messina
Abstract: In this article, we evaluate the performance of an iterative registration algorithm for position estimation of Unmanned Ground Vehicles (UGVs) operating in unstructured environments. Field data obtained from trials on UGVs traversing undulating outd ...

255. Autonomy Levels for Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) Framework: An Update
Topic: Energy
Published: 6/28/2006
Authors: Hui-Min Huang, K Pavek, James S. Albus, Elena R Messina
Abstract: The initial construct of the framework for the Autonomy Levels of Unmanned Systems (ALFUS) was presented in the 2004 SPIE3 Defense and Security Symposium. This paper describes the continuing development effort and further accomplishments made by the ...

256. Collaborative Tactical Behaviors for Autonomous Ground and Air Vehicles
Topic: Energy
Published: 6/28/2006
Authors: James S. Albus, Anthony J Barbera, Harry A. Scott, Stephen B. Balakirsky
Abstract: Tactical behaviors for autonomous ground and air vehicles are an area of high interest to the Army. They are critical for the inclusion of robots in the Future Combat System (FCS). Tactical behaviors can be defined at multiple levels: at the Company, ...

257. Experiments toward Non-contact Safety Standards for Automated Industrial Vehicles
Topic: Energy
Published: 6/28/2006
Authors: Roger V Bostelman, Tsai Hong Hong, Rajmohan Madhavan
Abstract: The performance evaluation of an obstacle detection and segmentation algorithm is explained upon comparing a new range camera to ground truth. Automated Guided Vehicles (AGVs) in factory-like environments may one day utilize this algorithm for advanc ...

258. Intelligent Systems for Construction and Long Range Exploration on Planetary Surfaces
Topic: Energy
Published: 6/28/2006
Author: James S. Albus
Abstract: For efficient and effective operations on Lunar and/or Martian surfaces, it will be necessary to develop robots with the ability to successfully perform extended missions of exploration and complex tasks of construction without imposing a large workl ...

259. Obstacle Detection using a Time-of -Flight Range Camera for Automated Guided Vehicle Safety and Navigation
Topic: Energy
Published: 6/28/2006
Authors: Roger V Bostelman, Tsai Hong Hong, Rajmohan Madhavan
Abstract: The performance evaluation of an obstacle detection and segmentation algorithm for Automated Guided Vehicle (AGV) navigation in factory-like environments using a 3D real-time range camera is the subject of this paper. Our approach has been tested suc ...

260. The Effect of Process Models on Short-term Prediction of Moving Objects for Autonomous Driving
Topic: Energy
Published: 6/28/2006
Authors: Rajmohan Madhavan, Craig I Schlenoff
Abstract: We are developing a novel framework, PRIDE (PRediction In Dynamic Environments), to perform moving object prediction (MOP) for autonomous ground vehicles. The underlying concept is based upon a multi-resolutional, hierarchical approach which incorpor ...

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