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Topic Area: Condensed Matter Physics

Displaying records 51 to 60 of 110 records.
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51. Josephson phase qubit circuit for the evaluation of advanced tunnel barrier materials
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 11/21/2008
Authors: Jeffrey S. Kline, Haohua Wang, Seongshik Oh, John M Martinis, David P Pappas
Abstract: We have found that crystalline Josephson junctions have critical current density control problems which decrease circuit yield. We present a qubit circuit designed to accommodate a factor-of-five variation in critical current density for the evaluati ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=33165

52. Surviving the Transition
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 10/31/2008
Author: Kristian Helmerson
Abstract: Observations of the birth of a superfluid have uncovered details of the microphysics of phase transitions. Whether these results can be used to model such trnsitions in the early Universe is an open question.
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=900230

53. Ultra-high resolution alpha particle spectroscopy using calorimetry
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 9/23/2008
Authors: Robert Daniel Horansky, Joel Nathan Ullom, James A Beall, Gene C Hilton, Kent D Irwin, Don Dry, Beth Hastings, Stephen Lamont, Clifford R Rudy, Michael W Rabin
Abstract: Calorimetry has been used since the late 1700?s to measure the heat output of physical processes ranging from chemical reactions to the respiration of organisms . Calorimetry is performed by measuring the temperature change caused by heat release int ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=32940

54. Shear Thinning Near the Critical Point of Xenon
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 4/17/2008
Authors: Robert F Berg, Michael R Moldover, M Yao, G A Zimmerli
Abstract: We measured shear thinning, a viscosity decrease ordinarily associated with complex liquids, near the critical point of xenon. The data span the range of reduced shear rates: 0.001 < {gamma}{tau} < 700, where {gamma}{tau} is the shear rate scal ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=830987

55. Residual Multiparticle Entropy Does Not Generally Change Sign Near Freezing
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 4/13/2008
Authors: William P. Krekelberg, Vincent K Shen, Jeffrey R. Errington, Thomas M. Truskett
Abstract: The residual multiparticle entropy (RMPE) of two- and three-dimensional fluids changes sign near the freezing line, providing a quasi-universal one-phase rule for the location of the liquid-solid transition. We present new simulation results ford- ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832223

56. Comparative Study of the Effect of Tail Corrections on Surface Tension Determined by Molecular Simulation
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 5/12/2007
Authors: Vincent K Shen, Raymond Dale Mountain, Jeffrey R. Errington
Abstract: We report results from a comparative study of the influence of tail corrections on the surface tension of the Lennard-Jones fluid. We find that cutoff-independent surface tensions can be obtained by applying a set of tail corrections recently introdu ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=832000

57. Molecular simulation of the diffusivity of NaOH in steam
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 6/1/2005
Authors: Allan H Harvey, Raymond Dale Mountain
Abstract: Molecular dynamics simulation is used to calculate the infinite-dilution diffusivity of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) in steam at conditions of temperature and density typical of steam turbines. These data are needed in order to better understand depositio ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=50048

58. Dipole Moment of a Pb-O Vacancy Pair in PbTiO^d3^
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 4/1/2004
Authors: Eric J Cockayne, Benjamin P Burton
Abstract: The polarization of a nearest-neighbor (nn) Pb-O vacancy pair in PbTiO3 is calculated, using the modern theory of polarization, implemented in the density functional theory ultrasoft pseudopotential formalism. The dipole moment per divacancy is about ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=850779

59. Temperature-Dependent Behavior of PbSc^d1/2^Nb^d1/2^O^d3^ From First Principles
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 7/1/2001
Authors: Eric J Cockayne, Benjamin P Burton, L Bellaiche
Abstract: We study the ferroelectric phase transition in PbSc1/2Nb1/2O3 (PSN) using a first-principles effective Hamiltonian approach. Results for PSN with NaCl-type ordering of Sc and Nb on the B sites shows that a Pb-centered effective Hamiltonian is approp ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=850498

60. Interpretation of Resonant Photoemission Spectra of Solid Actinide Systems
Topic: Condensed Matter Physics
Published: 6/15/2001
Authors: S Molodtsov, S Halilov, M Richter, A Zangwill, C Laubschat
Abstract: It is shown that angle-resolved valence-band photoemission (PE) spectra of epitaxial close-packed films of U metal may correctly be described within a one-step model of PE based on a band description of the U 5f states. It is found that a cross-secti ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=620535



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