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Topic Area: Building and Fire Research

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71. Development of a Reference Material for Building Product Emissions Testing
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/4/2013
Authors: Cynthia H. Reed, Zhe Liu, Steve Cox, Andrew Keith Persily, John Little
Abstract: The business of measuring volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions from building products and materials has grown to include more than 100 laboratories, many with unique testing equipment and analytical techniques. For the purposes of labeling build ...

72. Reference Material to Improve Reliability of Building Product VOC Emissions Testing
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/4/2013
Authors: Cynthia H. Reed, Zhe Liu, Steve Cox, John Little
Abstract: Building materials and products are a significant source of volatile organic compounds (VOC) in the indoor environment. Reducing VOC emissions can improve occupant health and productivity, and perhaps support lower building ventilation requirements ...

73. Diffusion-controlled reference material for VOC emissions testing: The effect of temperature and humidity.
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/1/2013
Authors: John Little, Liu Zhe, Cynthia H. Reed, Steven Cox
Abstract: To improve the reliability and accuracy of chamber tests for measuring emissions of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from interior building products, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Virginia Tech (VT) have created a pro ...

74. Indoor ultrafine particles of outdoor origin: importance of building operating conditions
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/1/2013
Authors: Dong H. Rim, Lance L. Wallace, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: Airborne ultrafine particles (UFP) have been associated with human mortality and morbidity. Human exposure to ambient UFP occurs indoors due to entry of UFP into buildings. This study investigates UFP infiltration as a function of building operating ...

75. Multizone Modeling of Strategies to Reduce the Spread of Airborne Infectious Agents in Healthcare Facilities
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/1/2013
Authors: Steven J Emmerich, David Heinzerling, Jung-il Choi, Andrew Keith Persily
Abstract: Control of airborne infectious agents in hospitals is critical both to effective health care and to the control of direct and indirect health care costs. Current hospital design guidelines focus on ventilation rates, room pressure control and air fil ...

76. Standard Formaldehyde Source for Chamber Testing of Material Emissions: Modeling and Preliminary Tests
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 2/1/2013
Authors: Wenjuan Wei, Cynthia H. Reed, Andrew Keith Persily, Yinping Zhang
Abstract: Formaldehyde is recognized as a harmful indoor air pollutant for human health (IARC. 2004) and is emitted from building materials, including urea-formaldehyde resin in pressed wood products. Environmental chambers are typically used to measure formal ...

77. Framework for Addressing the National Wildland Urban Interface Fire Problem--Determining Fire and Ember Exposure Zones Using a WUI Hazard Scale (NISTTN 1748)
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1748
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 1/14/2013
Authors: Alexander Maranghides, William Mell
Abstract: WUI fires offer a unique challenge to the fire fighting and fire protection engineering communities. The scale of the events can be vast, spanning in many cases over 100,000 acres (40,000 ha) and the number of structures involved can range into t ...

78. Identifying improved standardized tests for measuring cement particle size and surface area
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 1/14/2013
Authors: Chiara F Ferraris, Edward Joseph Garboczi
Abstract: The Blaine fineness (Blaine) of a cement powder is a single parameter that is meant to characterize the specific surface area of a cement, and is assumed to be linked to physical and mechanical properties such as strength, setting time, and rheology. ...

79. Reconstruction of the Thermal Environment in the Tall World Trade Center Buildings
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 1/11/2013
Authors: Richard George Gann, Anthony P Hamins, Kevin B McGrattan, Thomas J. Ohlemiller, Kuldeep R Prasad, William M Pitts, Harold E Nelson
Abstract: The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) conducted an extensive investigation of the collapse of the three tall World Trade Center (WTC) buildings. This paper describes the reconstruction of the fires, the thermal environment they c ...

80. Building air leakage databases in energy conservation policies: analysis of selected initiatives in 4 European countries and the USA
Topic: Building and Fire Research
Published: 1/2/2013
Authors: Wanyu Chan, Francois Remi Carrie, Jiri Novak, Andres Litvak, Fabrice Richieri, Oliver Solche, Wei Pan, Steven J Emmerich
Abstract: We collected information on existing envelope air leakage databases from countries that are involved in the AIVC-TightVent project ,Development and applications of building air leakage databasesŠ. This document summarizes the information from five co ...

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