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Topic Area: Advanced Materials

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 77 records.
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21. INVESTIGATING THE MECHANISM OF ENZYME-CATALYZED RING-OPENING COPOLYMERIZATIONS
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 8/19/2012
Authors: Matthew T. (Matthew) Hunley, Fahriye Nese Sari, Kathryn L Beers
Abstract: As the research interest in degradable polymers has risen, an ever increasing number of manuscripts report the synthesis of copolymers through ring-opening copolymerization techniques. However, the mechanism of copolymerization remains unexplored. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911008

22. Synthesis and characterization of model crosslinked polyamide films for water purification
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 6/24/2012
Authors: Peter M. Johnson, Edwin P Chan, Jun Y. Chung, Junghyun Lee, Christopher M Stafford
Abstract: Reverse osmosis (RO) and nanofiltration (NF) membranes are comprised of a dense active layer supported by a porous support. Commercial active layer are highly crosslinked polyamides that are formed through interfacial polymerization directly on the s ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=911116

23. Graphene Epitaxial Growth on SiC(0001) for Resistance Standards
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 6/1/2012
Authors: Mariano A. Real, Tian T. Shen, George R Jones, Randolph E Elmquist, Johannes A Soons, Albert Davydov
Abstract: Epitaxial growth of graphene layers on 6H-SiC(0001) substrates have been studied in order to improve graphene‰s performance for metrological applications. A face-to-face (FTF) sublimation method at 2000 °C and in Ar background atmosphere is used to i ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910566

24. Optimization of Imaging Polymer Based Scaffolds Using X-Ray Microcomputed Tomography
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 5/15/2012
Authors: David E, Morris, Melissa L Mather, Carl George Simon Jr, John A Crowe
Abstract: The performance of polymer based scaffolds used in regenerative medicine is linked to their structural properties and as such strategies for structural characterization of scaffolds have been developed. X-ray microscopic computed tomography (X-ray ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906393

25. Gas-Foamed Scaffold Gradients for Combinatorial Screening in 3D
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 5/1/2012
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr, Kaushik Chatterjee, Alison McGibbon Kraigsley, Joachim Kohn, Durgadas Bolikal
Abstract: Current methods for screening cell-material interactions typically utilize two-dimensional (2D) culture format where cells are cultured on flat surfaces. However, there is a need for combinatorial and high-throughput screening methods to systematica ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910404

26. Osteoblast Response to Serum Protein Adsorption in 3D Polymer Scaffolds
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 5/1/2012
Authors: Carl George Simon Jr, Girish Kumar, Kaushik Chatterjee, Stevephen Hung
Abstract: Protein adsorption is known to direct biological response to biomaterials and is important in determining cellular response in tissue scaffolds. In this study we investigated the effect of adsorbed serum proteins on cell attachment and proliferation ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=909572

27. Nano-Apatitic Composite Scaffolds for Stem Cell Delivery and Bone Tissue Engineering
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 4/15/2012
Authors: Hockin H. K. Xu, Carl George Simon Jr
Abstract: The need for bone defect repair and regeneration arises from trauma, disease, congenital deformity, and tumor resection. Bone fracture occurs to seven million people each year in the United States, and musculoskeletal conditions cost $215 billion ann ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=904167

28. Photoiniated wrinkles with controlled morphology from a liquid coating on a rigid substrate: A facile route to tunable, periodic structures
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 3/27/2012
Authors: Jessica M. Torres, Christopher M Stafford, Vogt D Bryan
Abstract: Periodic wrinkled surfaces have generated significant interest over the past decade as these structures can be easily fabricated over large areas with minimal fabrication cost, but these structures have been generally been limited to thin films on so ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910420

29. Freeform Fabricated Scaffolds with Roughened Struts that Enhance both Stem Cell Proliferation and Differentiation by Controlling Cell Shape
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 3/1/2012
Authors: Girish Kumar, Carl George Simon Jr, Michael S. (Michael Stephan) Waters, Tanya M. Farooque, Marian F Young
Abstract: We demonstrate that imparting freeform fabricated (FFF) scaffolds with surface roughness on their struts enhances osteogenic differentiation of primary human bone marrow stromal cells (hBMSCs) by controlling cell shape. Previous work showed that hBM ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=910664

30. Ultra-small-Angle X-ray Scattering ‹ X-ray Photon-Correlation Spectroscopy Studies of Incipient Structural Changes in Amorphous Calcium Phosphate Based Dental Composites
Topic: Advanced Materials
Published: 2/28/2012
Authors: Fan Zhang, Andrew John Allen, Lyle E Levine, Laura Espinal, Joseph M Antonucci, Drago Skrtic, Justin N.R. O'Donnell, Jan Ilavsky
Abstract: The local structural changes in amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) based dental composites were studied upon heating using both static, bulk measurement techniques and recently developed ultra-small angle X-ray scattering ‹ X-ray photon correlation sp ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906876



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