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Topic Area: Data and Informatics

Displaying records 31 to 40 of 181 records.
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31. Managing Materials Information in the Supply Chain
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 11/28/2008
Authors: John V Messina, Eric D Simmon
Abstract: One important aspect of sustainable manufacturing is the acquisition and management of product material information. This information may be used to improve the design and manufacturing process, facilitate recycling, and to help comply with regulatio ...

32. Training of neural networks to perform optical performance monitoring of a combination of accumulated signal nonlinearity, CD, PMD, and OSNR
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 11/1/2008
Authors: Jeffrey A Jargon, Xiaoxia Wu, Louis Christen, Alan Willner
Abstract: We propose a technique using artificial neural networks to simultaneously identify fiber nonlinearity, OSNR, CD, and PMD from eye-diagram and eye-histogram parameters. A correlation coefficient of 0.97 is obtained for a set of testing data.

33. Shape and Size Analysis and Standards
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 10/6/2008
Authors: Afzal A Godil, Sanford P Ressler
Abstract: The field of anthropometry is the science of measurement of the human body from which comparisons and characterizations of the size and shape of the body in different postures can take place. The size and shape of human bodies are important in many a ...

34. Identifying Objects in Range Data Based on Similarity Transformation Invariant Shape Signatures
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 8/19/2008
Authors: Xiaolan Li, Asim Wagan, Afzal A Godil
Abstract: Identification and recognition of three dimensional (3D) objects in range data is a challenging problem. We propose a novel method to fulfill the task through two steps: 1) construct the feature signatures for the objects in the scene and the models ...

35. Mind the Gap: Dangers of Divorcing Evaluations of Summary Content from Linguistic Quality
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 8/18/2008
Authors: Hoa Trang Dang, John M Conroy
Abstract: In this paper, we analyze the state of current human and automatic evaluation of topic-focused summarization in the Document Understanding Conference main task for 2005-2007. The analyses show that while ROUGE has very strong correlation with respo ...

36. Limits of Opinion-Finding Baseline Systems
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 7/21/2008
Authors: Ian M Soboroff, Craig Macdonald, Ben He, Iadh Ounis
Abstract: In opinion-finding, the retrieval system is tasked with re- trieving not just relevant documents, but which also express an opinion towards the query target entity. Most opinion- finding systems are based on a two-stage approach, where initia ...

37. Relevance assessment: are judges exchangeable and does it matter?
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 7/21/2008
Authors: Ian M Soboroff, Peter Bailey, Nick Craswell, Alan Smeaton, Emine Yilmaz, Paul Thomas
Abstract: We investigate to what extent people making relevance judgments for a reusable IR test collection are exchangeable. We consider three classes of judge: gold standard judges, who are topic origi- nators and are experts in a particular informat ...

38. Reversal mechanisms in perpendicular magnetic nanostructures
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 7/16/2008
Authors: Justin M Shaw, Stephen E Russek, Michael J Donahue, Thomas Thomson, Bruce Terris, Michael Schneider, Miles Olsen
Abstract: We find that the reversal mechanism in magnetic nanostructures is highly dependent on the nature and condition of the edges. Temperature and size dependent reversal properties of fabricated perpendicularly magnetized nanostructures down to 25 nm in d ...

39. Improving Environmental Information Handling and Data Exchange within the Electronics Industry
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 7/15/2008
Authors: Eric D Simmon, John V Messina
Abstract: Environmental regulations impacting the electronics industry are driving the need for new data management systems to track environmental data including material data. This paper describes efforts to take a holistic approach in managing this informati ...

40. Translation Adequacy and Preference Evaluation Tool (TAP-ET)
Topic: Data and Informatics
Published: 5/28/2008
Authors: Mark A. Przybocki, Kay Peterson, P. Sebastien Bronsart
Abstract: Evaluation of Machine Translation (MT) technology is often tied to the requirement for tedious manual judgments of translation quality. While automated MT metrology continues to be an active area of research, a well known and often accepted standard ...

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