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You searched on: Topic Area: Fossil Fuels Sorted by: date

Displaying records 21 to 30 of 49 records.
Resort by: Date / Title

21. Measurements of Density and Speed of Sound of JP-10 and Comparison to Rocket Propellants and Jet Fuels
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 2/14/2011
Authors: Stephanie L Outcalt, Arno R Laesecke
Abstract: Densities of the missile fuel JP-10 were measured with two vibrating-tube densimeters. The combined range of the data is from 270 K to 470 K with pressures to 30 MPa. The speed of sound in the fuel was measured with a propagation time method at ambie ...

22. Evaluation of the Physicochemical Authenticity of Aviation Kerosene Surrogate Mixtures Part I: Analysis of Volatility with the Advanced Distillation Curve
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 7/19/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Beverly L. Smith
Abstract: Because of the complexities involved in measuring and modeling the performance and properties of finished fuels, the scientific community must often use surrogate mixtures, especially in the absence of consensus standard mixtures. While surrogate mi ...

23. Evaluation of the Physicochemical Authenticity of Aviation Kerosene Surrogate Mixtures Part II: Analysis and Prediction of Thermophysical Properties
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 7/19/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Marcia L Huber
Abstract: In part I of this series of papers, we presented an evaluation strategy that can be applied to surrogate mixtures for finished fuels. This strategy uses the advanced distillation curve approach to evaluate the surrogate in terms of physicochemical a ...

24. Software Package to Facilitate the Preparation of Intermediate-Range Fossil Fuel Standards from Certified Reference Materials
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 6/17/2010
Authors: John L Molloy, Bruce S MacDonald, William R. Kelly
Abstract: A software package has been developed in Visual Basic for Applications to assist analysts in mixing fossil fuel reference materials to produce standards of intermediate concentrations and known uncertainties. Mixing reference materials of similar ma ...

25. Surrogate Mixture Models for the Thermophysical Properties of Aviation Fuel Jet-A
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 5/27/2010
Authors: Marcia L Huber, Eric W Lemmon, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: We developed surrogate mixture models to represent the thermophysical properties of two samples of aviation turbine fuel Jet-A. One sample is a composite of numerous batches from a multiple manufacturers and is considered to be a representative fuel ...

26. Investigating the Unique Properties of Cuphea Derived Biodiesel with the Advanced Distillation Curve Method
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 5/17/2010
Authors: Tara M Lovestead, Bret Windom, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: Currently, there is a desire to extend or enhance petroleum-derived diesel fuel with biodiesel fuel. Biodiesel fuel is a renewable, biomass-derived fluid that is biodegradable, nontoxic, and a better lubricant compared to petroleum-derived diesel fu ...

27. Relating Complex Fluid Composition and Thermophysical Properties with the Advanced Distillation Curve Approach
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 3/17/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Lisa S. Ott, Tara M Lovestead, Marcia L Huber
Abstract: Complex fluids have long posed a significant challenge in our ability to characterize and model fluid properties. Here, we consider complex fluids to be mixtures with many components that can differ significantly in polarity and polarizability. The ...

28. Complex Fluid Analysis with the Advanced Distillation Curve Approach
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 2/1/2010
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Lisa S. Ott, Beverly L. Smith, Tara M Lovestead
Abstract: An improved method for measuring distillation curves reveals the physicochemical properties of complex fluids such as fuels.

29. The Composition Explicit Distillation Curve Technique: Relating Chemical Analysis and Physical Properties of Complex Fluids
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 11/17/2009
Authors: Thomas J Bruno, Lisa S. Ott, Tara M Lovestead, Marcia L Huber
Abstract: The analysis of complex fluids such as crude oils, fuels, vegetable oils and mixed waste streams poses significant challenges arising primarily from the multiplicity of components, the different properties of the components (polarity, polarizability, ...

30. Thermal Decomposition Kinetics of Kerosene-based Rocket Propellants. 1. Comparison of RP-1 and RP-2
Topic: Fossil Fuels
Published: 9/11/2009
Authors: Jason A Widegren, Thomas J Bruno
Abstract: The decomposition kinetics of the kerosene-based rocket propellants RP-1 and RP-2 was studied. For RP-2, decomposition reactions were performed at 375, 400, 425, and 450 {degree}C. For RP-1, decomposition reactions were only performed at 450 {degree} ...

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