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Topic Area: Fire Protection Technologies
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Displaying records 11 to 20 of 32 records.
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11. Finite-element models of the National Fire Research Laboratory (NFRL)and modular support structure
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 7886
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 10/26/2012
Author: Dat Duthinh
Abstract: This report documents the development of finite-element models (FEM) of the National Fire Research Laboratory (NFRL) and its modular support structure. The models enable a future user of the NFRL to add a potential test structure and perform thermal ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=912175

12. Fire Dynamics Simulator, Technical Reference Guide, Sixth Edition
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1018
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 11/4/2013
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, Randall Joseph McDermott, Craig G Weinschenk, Glenn P Forney
Abstract: This document provides the theoretical basis for the Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), following the general framework set forth in the ,Standard Guide for Evaluating the Predictive Capability of Deterministic Fire Models,Š ASTM E 1355. It is a four v ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913618

13. Five Grand Challenges in Pedestrian and Evacuation Dynamics
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 6/6/2011
Author: Jason D Averill
Abstract: This paper identifies five grand challenges in the multidisciplinary field of pedestrian and evacuation dynamics (PED). In order to maximize the ef-fectiveness of limited resources, the PED community would benefit greatly from a prioritized, consens ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906566

14. High Pressure Release and Dispersion of Hydrogen in a Partially Enclosed Compartment
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 3/1/2011
Authors: Kuldeep R Prasad, Thomas George Cleary, William M Pitts, Jiann C Yang
Abstract: The study of compressed hydrogen release from high-pressure storage systems has practical application for hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Such releases may occur either due to accidental damage to a storage tank or connecting piping, or direct ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906807

15. High Throughput Techniques for Fire Retardant Materials Development
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 1/5/2010
Authors: Rick D Davis, Richard E. Lyon
Abstract: None was required. Here is the last paragraph of the introduction. In this chapter are examples of how we used HT to accelerate knowledge about polymer materials. The first case study describes the development and application of HT tools and meth ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861596

16. Impact of a Residential Sprinkler on the Heat Release Rate of a Christmas Tree Fire
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 5/1/2008
Author: Daniel Madrzykowski
Abstract: Although the number of Christmas tree fires is low, the fires carry a higher level of hazard than other fires that occur in a residential structure. This study, supported by the U. S. Fire Administration, has the following three objectives: 1) chara ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861535

17. Improved Understanding of Thermal Agent Fire Suppression Mechanisms from Detailed Chemical Kinetic Modeling with Idealized Surrogate Agents
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 8/4/2008
Author: William M Pitts
Abstract: Fire suppression agents that derive their entire effectiveness from physical processes are known as thermal agents. Thermal agents operate by lowering the flame temperature through dilution, heat absorption, and thermal diffusion. Two aspects of thes ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=861563

18. Measurements of Heat and Combustion Products in Reduced-Scale Ventilation-Limited Compartment Fires
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1483
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 7/1/2007
Authors: Matthew F Bundy, Anthony P Hamins, Erik L Johnsson, Sung C. Kim, Gwon Ko, David B. Lenhert
Abstract: A series of new reduced-scale compartment fire experiments were conducted, which included local measurements of temperature and species composition. The measurements are unique to the compartment fire literature. By design, the experiments provided a ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=908676

19. Overall and Local Movement Speeds During Fire Drill Evacuations in Buildings up to 31 Stories
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 7/1/2011
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Bryan L. Hoskins, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The time that it takes an occupant population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=906969

20. Reducing the Risk of Fire in Buildings and Communities
Topic: Fire Protection Technologies
Published: 1/1/2014
Authors: Anthony P Hamins, Jason D Averill, Nelson P Bryner, David T Butry, Richard George Gann, Rick D Davis, Daniel Madrzykowski, Alexander Maranghides, Jiann C Yang, Matthew F Bundy, Samuel L Manzello, Jeffrey W Gilman, Francine K. Amon, William E. Mell
Abstract: Fire costs and losses are a significant life safety and economic burden on society comprising about two percent of the United States gross domestic product. This paper presents the results of a roadmap developed by the National Institute of Standar ...
http://www.nist.gov/manuscript-publication-search.cfm?pub_id=913244



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