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Author: Erica Kuligowski

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1. Assessing the Verification and Validation of Building Fire Evacuation Models
Published: 9/19/2014
Authors: Enrico Ronchi, Erica D Kuligowski, Daniel Nilsson, Richard D Peacock, Paul A Reneke
Abstract: To date there is no International standard on the verification and validation (V&V) of building fire evacuation models, i.e., model testers adopt inconsistent procedures or tests designed for other model uses. For instance, the tests presented with ...

2. The Use of Elevators for Evacuation in Fire Emergencies in International Buildings
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1825
Published: 7/21/2014
Authors: Max T. Kinateder, Hidemi Omori, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of elevator evacuation from high-rise buildings with a focus on the safety of mobility impaired occupants. It addresses the specifics of elevator evacuation as well as relevant building codes a ...

3. Final Report, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Technical Investigation of the May 22, 2011, Tornado in Joplin, Missouri
Series: National Construction Safety Team Act Reports (NIST NCSTAR)
Report Number: 3
Published: 3/26/2014
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Franklin T Lombardo, Long Thanh Phan, Marc L Levitan, David P. Jorgensen
Abstract: This is the final report of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) investigation of the May 22, 2011 tornado in Joplin, Missouri, conducted under the National Construction Safety Team Act. This report describes the wind field of th ...

4. Stair Evacuation of People with Mobility Impairments
Published: 3/3/2014
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Bryan Hoskins, Emily Wiess
Abstract: The time that it takes a population to reach safety when descending a stairwell during building evacuations is typically described by measureable engineering variables. These engineering variables include stairwell geometry, speed, density, and p ...

5. An analysis of evacuation travel paths on stair landings by means of conditional probabilities
Published: 2/20/2014
Authors: Enrico Ronchi, Paul A Reneke, Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock
Abstract: This paper provides the analysis of a data-set about people movement on stair landings collected during an evacuation drill performed in a six-storey office building in the United States. The evacuation drill was filmed and occupant‰s behaviours on ...

6. General Guidance on Emergency Communication Strategies for Buildings, 2nd Edition
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1827
Published: 2/14/2014
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Hidemi Omori
Abstract: When a building emergency occurs, it is not always sufficient to simply initiate alarm bells. Individuals may not know what the alarm bell means and as a result may respond inappropriately to its sound. Many buildings have installed mass notificat ...

7. A probabilistic approach for the analysis of stair evacuation movement data
Published: 1/1/2014
Authors: Enrico Ronchi, Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Paul A Reneke
Abstract: This paper presents an innovative method to study stair evacuation data based on a probabilistic analysis of occupant travel paths. This type of approach relies on a detailed video analysis of people movement and pattern reconstruction. Conditional ...

8. Preliminary Reconnaissance of the May 20, 2013, Newcastle-Moore Tornado in Oklahoma
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1164
Published: 12/3/2013
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Long Thanh Phan, Marc L Levitan, David P. Jorgensen
Abstract: This is a report on the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) reconnaissance to collect information on the performance of one critical facility and two educational facilities in the May 20, 2013, Newcastle-Moore tornado in Oklahoma. ...

9. Bounding Defaults in Egress Models
Published: 11/28/2013
Authors: Steve MV Gwynne, Erica D Kuligowski, Michael Spearpoint, Enrico Ronchi
Abstract: The developers of egress models are in a difficult position. It is in their interest to develop models that are quick and easy to employ and at the same time to reduce accidental model misuse. While default values enables out-of-the-box use of mode ...

10. Guidance on Fire Emergency Procedures for Emergency Stair Travel Devices
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1824
Published: 11/26/2013
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: This document provides specific detailed guidance and recommendations on the use of emergency stair travel devices, or stair descent devices, for evacuation of persons with mobility impairments during fire emergencies in buildings. The people who w ...

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