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1. A nonlinearity in permanent-magnet systems used in watt balances
Published: 6/25/2014
Authors: Shisong Li, Stephan Schlamminger, Jon Robert Pratt
Abstract: In watt balances that employ permanent magnet systems to generate the magnetic flux the effects of the weighing current on the magnet systems can generate a systematic bias that can lead to an error in the result if not accounted for. In this article ...

2. High Sensitivity Optomechanical Reference Accelerometer Over 10 kHz
Published: 6/5/2014
Authors: Felipe Guzman, Lee M. Kumanchik, Jon Robert Pratt, Jacob M Taylor
Abstract: We present an optically detected mechanical accelerometer that achieves a sensitivity of 100 ng/√Hz over a bandwidth of 10 kHz and is traceable. We have incorporated a Fabry-Perot fiber-optic micro-cavity that is currently capable of measurin ...

3. Determination of the Planck constant using a watt balance with a superconducting magnet system at the National Institute of Standards and Technology
Published: 3/31/2014
Authors: Stephan Schlamminger, Darine El Haddad, Frank Christian Seifert, Leon S Chao, David B Newell, Richard L Steiner, Jon Robert Pratt
Abstract: In the past two years measurements were performed with a watt balance at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) to determine the Planck constant. A detailed analysis of these measurements and their uncertainties led to a value ...

4. Functional Constraints and the Design of a New Watt Balance
Published: 9/30/2013
Authors: Leon S Chao, Stephan Schlamminger, Jon Robert Pratt
Abstract: The functional constraints driving the design of the new permanent-magnet driven watt balance (NIST-4) outline the variables and compromises worthy of addressing. Construction according to these design parameters will demonstrate the high precision c ...

5. Experimental Determination of Mode Correction Factors for Thermal Method Spring Constant Calibration of AFM Cantilevers using Laser Doppler Vibrometry
Published: 5/30/2013
Authors: Richard Swift Gates, William A Osborn, Jon Robert Pratt
Abstract: Mode corrections factors (MCF‰s) are a significant adjustment to the spring constant values measured using the Thermal cantilever calibration method. Usually, the ideal factor of 0.971 for a tipless rectangular cantilever is used which adjusts the v ...

6. Accurate and Precise Calibration of AFM Cantilever Spring Constants using Laser Doppler Vibrometry
Published: 8/24/2012
Authors: Richard Swift Gates, Jon Robert Pratt
Abstract: Accurate cantilever spring constants are important in atomic force microscopy in both control of sensitive imaging and to provide correct nanomechanical property measurements. Conventional atomic force microscope (AFM) spring constant calibration t ...

7. Electron Transport in Gold Nanowires: Stable 1-, 2- and 3-Dimensional Atomic Structures and Non-Integer Conduction States
Published: 9/14/2011
Authors: Francesca M Tavazza, Douglas T Smith, Lyle E Levine, Jon Robert Pratt, Anne Marie Chaka
Abstract: Experimental conductivity measurements made during highly stable tensile deformation of Au nanowires show a rich variety of behaviors, including non-integer quantum conductance plateaus, transitions and slopes. Using tight binding conductance cal ...

8. Calibration of dynamic sensors for noncontact-atomic force microscopy
Published: 8/12/2011
Authors: Gordon Allan Shaw, Jon Robert Pratt, Zeina Jabbour Kubarych
Abstract: Access to quantitative information on surface forces in noncontact-atomic force microscopy (NC-AFM) requires the accurate calibration of several key sensor parameters. This work outlines a dynamic method for calibrating the spring constant of tuning ...

9. Atomic Force Microscope Cantilever Flexural Stiffness Calibration: Toward a Standard Traceable Method
Series: Journal of Research (NIST JRES)
Published: 7/1/2011
Authors: Richard Swift Gates, Mark Reitsma, John A Kramar, Jon Robert Pratt
Abstract: The evolution of the atomic force microscope into a useful tool for measuring mechanical properties of surfaces at the nanoscale has spurred the need for more precise and accurate methods for calibrating the spring constants of test cantilevers. Gro ...

10. An interferometric platform for studying AFM probe deflection
Published: 1/3/2011
Authors: Jon Robert Pratt, Lee Kumanchik, Tony L. Schmitz
Abstract: This paper describes an interferometric platform for measuring the full-field deflection of atomic force microscope (AFM) probes and generic cantilevers during quasi-static loading. The platform consists of a scanning white light interferometer (SWLI ...

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