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Author: kevin mcgrattan

Displaying records 71 to 80 of 118 records.
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71. Reduced-Scale Experiments on the Water Suppression of a Rack-Storage Commodity Fire for Calibration of a CFD Fire Model
Published: 6/16/2003
Authors: Anthony P Hamins, Kevin B McGrattan
Abstract: The objective of this work was to provide measurements from reduced-scale experiments for use in the NIST Fire Dynamics Simulator, a computational fluid dynamics model that calculates fire growth, spread, sprinkler activation, and water suppression o ...

72. User's Guide for Smokeview Version 3.1 - A Tool for Visualizing Fire Dynamics Simulation Data
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 6980
Published: 4/1/2003
Authors: Glenn P Forney, Kevin B McGrattan
Abstract: Smokeview is a software tool designed to visualize numerical predictions generated by the NIST Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of fire-driven fluid flow. These two tools are typically used together to respec ...

73. In Situ Burning of Oil Spills: Mesoscale Experiments and Analysis (NIST SP 995)
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 995
Published: 3/1/2003
Authors: William D. Walton, D. D. Evans, Kevin B McGrattan, Howard Richard Baum, W H. Twilley, Daniel Madrzykowski, Anthony D Putorti Jr, Ronald George Rehm, H Koseki, E J Tennyson
Abstract: A series of six mesoscale and one large laboratory fire experiments were performed to measure the burning characteristics of Louisiana crude oil on water in a pan. These included one - 6 m square and five - 15 m square mesoscale burns and one - 1.2 m ...

74. A Mixture Fraction Combustion Model for Fire Simulation Using Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)
Published: 2/3/2003
Authors: J E. Floyd, Howard Richard Baum, Kevin B McGrattan, Simo A Hostikka
Abstract: The simulation of fires using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) is challenging because it is difficult to couple the combustion chemistry that occurs at very small length scales with the resolvable hydrodynamic field. While it is possible to create ...

75. Improvements to the NIST Fire Dynamics Simulator
Published: 1/1/2003
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, J E. Floyd, Glenn P Forney, Howard Richard Baum, Simo A Hostikka
Abstract: A new version of the NIST Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) was released in the fall of 2001. Improvements have been made to the combustion and radiation routines, allowing for better simulation of flashover. The combustion is based on a single transport ...

76. Numerical Simulation of the Howard Street Tunnel Fire, Baltimore, Maryland, July 2001
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 6902
Published: 1/1/2003
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, Anthony P Hamins
Abstract: This report addresses the thermal environment of the Howard StreetTunnel in Baltimore, Maryland, following the derailment in July 2001of a freight train and the burning of spilled tripropylene andthe contents of surrounding rail cars.A numerical fire ...

77. Future of Fire Simulation
Published: 12/1/2002
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, Howard Richard Baum, Ronald George Rehm, Glenn P Forney, Kuldeep R Prasad
Abstract: Scientists and engineers are often asked to make predictions of the state of technology in the future and are usually laughably wrong. The best prognosticators get the trends right, but cannot possibly fill in the details. Think of Jules Verne predi ...

78. Fire Dynamics Simulator (Version 3): Users Guide (NISTIR 6748)
Series: NIST Interagency/Internal Report (NISTIR)
Report Number: 6748
Published: 11/1/2002
Authors: Kevin B McGrattan, Glenn P Forney, J E. Floyd, Simo A Hostikka, Kuldeep R Prasad
Abstract: Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS) is a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model of fire-driven fluid flow. The software described in this document solves numerically a form of the Navier-Stokes equations appropriate for low-speed, thermally-driven flow ...

79. Overview of the World Trade Center Collapse & NIST Response
Published: 9/2/2002
Authors: Kuldeep R Prasad, Ronald George Rehm, William M Pitts, Howard Richard Baum, D D Evans, Kevin B McGrattan, Glenn P Forney
Abstract: Overview of the World Trade Center

80. Enclosure Effects on Flame Spread Over Solid Fuels in Microgravity
Published: 9/1/2002
Authors: Y NA Nakamura, Takashi Kashiwagi, Kevin B McGrattan
Abstract: Enclosure effects on the transition from localized ignition to subsequent flame spread over a thermally-thin solid fuel in microgravity are investigated numerically solving the low Mach number time-dependent Navier-Stokes equations. The numerical mod ...

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