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You searched on: Author: erica kuligowski

Displaying records 61 to 70 of 101 records.
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61. Modeling Pre-Evacuation Delay by Occupants in World Trade Center Towers 1 and 2 on September 11, 2001
Published: 5/29/2009
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Dennis S Mileti
Abstract: On September 11, 2001, two airplanes hit WTC 1 and 2 sixteen minutes apart, which forced one of the largest evacuations from high-rise buildings in U.S. history. By understanding human behavior during evacuation from the Towers, improvements can be m ...

62. The Process of Human Behavior in Fires
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1632
Published: 5/15/2009
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Evacuation models, including engineering hand calculations and computational tools, are used to evaluate the level of safety provided by buildings during evacuation. However, there is a lack of available data and theory on occupant behavior for use b ...

63. Mass Notification Messages: Workshop Proceedings
Series: Special Publication (NIST SP)
Report Number: 1093
Published: 3/30/2009
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Richard W. Bukowski
Abstract: This workshop provided a forum to discuss research and best practices regarding mass notification message creation and dissemination. The goal of the workshop was to provide a forum where representatives from federal agencies could exchange ideas and ...

64. Questioning the Linear Relationship Between Doorway Width and Achievable Flow Rate
Published: 1/1/2009
Authors: Steve M.V. Gwynne, Jessica Kratchman, Erica D Kuligowski, James A Milke
Abstract: This paper suggests that the currently assumed linear relationship between exit width and achievable flow is a simplification that may lead to an overly optimistic view of the achievable flow rates. Analyzed data is presented from several sources in ...

65. Stairwell Evacuation from Buildings: What We Know We Don't Know
Published: 1/1/2009
Authors: Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Occupant descent down stairwells during building evacuations is typically described by measurable engineering variables such as stairwell geometry, speed, density, and pre-evacuation delay. In turn, predictive models of building evacuation use these ...

66. Modeling Human Behavior during Building Fires
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1619
Published: 12/30/2008
Author: Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: Evacuation models, including engineering hand calculations and computational tools, are used to evaluate the level of safety provided by buildings during evacuation. Building designs, occupant procedures, and notification technology are based on the ...

67. Performance of Home Smoke Alarms Analysis of the Response of Several Available Technologies in Residential Fire Settings (NIST TN 1455-1)
Series: Technical Note (NIST TN)
Report Number: 1455-1
Published: 12/1/2007
Authors: Richard W. Bukowski, Richard D Peacock, Jason D Averill, Thomas George Cleary, Nelson P Bryner, William D. Walton, Paul A Reneke, Erica D Kuligowski
Abstract: This report presents the results of the project and provides details of the response of a range of residential smoke alarm technologies in a controlled laboratory test and in a series of real-scale tests conducted in two different residential structu ...

68. Federal Investigation of the Evacuation of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2001.
Published: 9/1/2007
Authors: Jason D Averill, Dennis S Mileti, Richard D Peacock, Erica D Kuligowski, N Groner, Guylene Proulx, Paul A Reneke, Harold E. Nelson

69. Bibliography on Evacuation From Building Fires: Education, Behavior and Simulation Techniques.
Published: 1/1/2007
Authors: Erica D Kuligowski, D S Mileti

70. Active Fire Protection Systems. Federal Building and Fire Safety Investigation of the World Trade Center Disaster (NIST NCSTAR 1-4)
Series: National Construction Safety Team Act Reports (NIST NCSTAR)
Report Number: 1-4
Published: 12/1/2005
Authors: D D Evans, Richard D Peacock, Erica D Kuligowski, William S Dols, William L Grosshandler

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  • SP 250-XX: Calibration Services
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