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Aperture area measurements


Radiometric and photometric measurements require defining apertures. The accuracy to which these measurements can be accomplished requires minimization of the uncertainty in the aperture area.


The NIST aperture measurement facility is a machine vision-based metrological system. It consists of a high accuracy XY stage which carries the sample aperture and has an interferometer for positioning feedback, and a long working distance microscope mounted on a high resolution vertical stage for edge detection.

An automated measurement algorithm finds the XY coordinates of the edges circumscribing the aperture. The edge points are then used in a circle and ellipse fitting routine to determine the area.

Details about the design of the instrument can be found at Aperture area facility.

This is a non-contact edge detection method which is preferred, especially for knife-edged apertures.

NIST participated in an international intercomparison sponsored by the Consultative Committee on Photometry and Radiometry (CCPR) of the methods by which different measurement laboratories measure the areas of apertures. Each of the nine participating laboratories measure eight different apertures varying in diameter size, fabrication method, material, and edge type. For more information about this intercomparison, see Final report on the CCPR-S2 supplementary comparison of area measurements of apertures for radiometry.

Special Services:

We measure circular apertures routinely in the diameter range from 0.2 mm to larger sizes that can be accommodated by our stage, which can accommodate up to 95 mm artifact outer diameter. Other shapes such as slits may also be measured but may require some additional effort and cost. This is a calibration service Special Test 39200S. Contact:

Major Accomplishments:

  • Pilot laboratory for the CCPR international interlaboratory comparison
  • Pilot laboratory for the EOS-sponsored international comparison of aperture areas used in exo-atmospheric solar irradiance measurements
  • Provide measurements for various internal and external collaborators

End Date:


Lead Organizational Unit:



Solar Irradiance Measurements

Laboratory for Atmospheric and Space Physics (LASP)

Facilities/Tools Used:


Aperture area measurements:
Maritoni Litorja, Project Leader
301-975-8095 Telephone
301-975-6991 Facsimile

100 Bureau Drive, M/S 8443
Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8443