NIST logo
*

International System of Units (SI)

Summary:

The International System of Units (SI) provides definitions of units of measurement that are widely accepted in science and technology and which set measurement standards agreed to through the Convention of the Meter, a diplomatic treaty between fifty-four nations. The International Bureau of Weights and Measures (BIPM) located in Sèvres near Paris, France has the task of ensuring world-wide uniformity of measurements and their traceability to the SI.

Description:

Members of the Fundamental Constants Data Center (FCDC) participate in meetings of the Consultative Committee for Units (CCU) which advises the International Committee for Weights and Measures on matters concerning the SI. The latest meeting of the CCU, held at the BIPM in September of 2010 was attended by Peter Mohr, David Newell, and Barry Taylor, of the FCDC.


Guides to the SI:
The official document for the SI is the International System of Units (SI), 8th ed. (Bureau International des Poids et Mesures, Sèvres, France, 2006).

The U.S. adaptation of the SI is described in The International System of Units (SI), 2008 ed. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008) [NIST Special Publication 330].

A practical description of the SI is Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI), 2008 ed. (U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008) [NIST Special Publication 811].


Redefinition:
There is currently interest in redefining some of the SI units in terms of fundamental constants. For the kilogram this would result in the replacement of the metal prototype standard at the BIPM by a definition based on fixing the value of the Planck constant. In addition, the CCU has recommended that the ampere, kelvin, and mole be redefined by specifying exact values of the elementary charge, the Boltzmann constant, and the Avogadro constant, respectively. More details may be found on the BIPM website.

National Public Radio report: This kilogram has a weight-loss problem.


Publications:
“Molar mass and related quantities in the New SI,” B.N. Taylor, Metrologia 46(3), L16-L17 (2009).

“The Quantum SI: A possible new International System of Units,” P.J. Mohr, Adv. Quantum Chem. 53, 27-36 (2008), Chap. 3.

“Defining units in the quantum based SI,” (cited in Metrologia highlights of 2008), P.J. Mohr, Metrologia 45(2), 129-133 (2008).

“Redefinition of the kilogram, ampere, kelvin, and mole: A proposed approach to implementing CIPM recommendation 1 (CI-2005),” I.M. Mills, P.J. Mohr, T.J. Quinn, B.N. Taylor and E.R. Williams, Metrologia 43(3), 227-248 (2006).

“Towards an electronic kilogram: an improved measurement of the Planck constant and electron mass,” R.L. Steiner, E.R. Williams, D.B. Newell, and R. Liu, Metrologia 42(5), 431-441 (2005).

“Redefinition of the kilogram: A decision whose time has come,” I.M. Mills, P.J. Mohr, .J. Quinn, B.N. Taylor, and E.R. Williams, Metrologia 42(2), 71-80 (2005).

“The role of the fundamental constants in the international system of units (SI): Present and future,” B.N. Taylor and P.J. Mohr, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas. 50(2), 563-567 (2001).

“On the redefinition of the kilogram,” B.N. Taylor and P.J. Mohr, Metrologia 36(1), 63-64 (1999).


The International System of Unites (SI) and Guide for the Use of the International System of Units (SI), NIST Special Publications 330 and 811, 2008.

Lead Organizational Unit:

physlab
Contact

General Information:

Peter Mohr
301-975-3217 Telephone
301-990-1350 Facsimile

100 Bureau Drive, M/S 8100
Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8110