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Physics Programs & Projects

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Single Photonics and Quantum Information
Last Updated Date: 03/24/2014

Quantum-based communication and measurement systems that use novel quantum states of light are being developed around the world. However, the … more

Nanostructure Fabrication and Metrology
Last Updated Date: 03/24/2014

Single photons are the fundamental particles for all optical measurements. Single photon detectors made from avalanche photodiodes or … more

Optoelectrical Characterization of Nanostructured Photovoltaic Materials and Devices
Last Updated Date: 03/24/2014

Photovoltaics technology is usually categorized into three generations: 1) devices based on polysilicon; 2) devices based on thin-film direct … more

Solid-state lighting metrology
Last Updated Date: 01/14/2014

With the rise of new, energy-efficient solid-state lighting (SSL) systems has come the need for new performance metrics and measurement methods to … more

Evolution of Image Spatial Resolution
Last Updated Date: 12/26/2013

Measuring the through-plane water content in a hydrogen fuel cell is critical to understanding this complicated heat and mass transport … more

Precision Measurement Grants Program
Last Updated Date: 12/05/2013

Since 1970, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has awarded Precision Measurement Grants to faculty members of U.S. … more

Laser Radiometry
Last Updated Date: 10/29/2013

Accurate characterization of optoelectronic equipment is important to applications such as optical telecommunications, medical devices, materials … more

ANSI N42.42 Standard
Last Updated Date: 10/29/2013

The purpose of the N42 data format is to facilitate manufacturer-independent transfer of information from radiation measurement instruments for … more

Detector metrology
Last Updated Date: 08/22/2013

High performance radiometers with selected optical detectors are being designed, characterized, and calibrated in the Optical Sensor Group for the … more

Optical medical imaging
Last Updated Date: 08/02/2013

The Optical Medical Imaging program was established to advance the application of optical imaging in surgical, clinical, and medical practices. … more

Hyperspectral Image Projector (HIP)
Last Updated Date: 08/02/2013

Detecting climate change with remote sensing instruments, providing state-of-the-art surveillance imagery for security and defense, or getting the … more

New Calibration Service for 14 MeV Neutron Generators
Last Updated Date: 07/30/2013

A new calibration service for 14 MeV neutron generators is being developed.   The calibrations may be done at NIST or at a customer site, by … more

Neutron Device Calibrations
Last Updated Date: 07/30/2013

NIST provides the national reference for the calibration of neutron radiation detectors and for neutron personnel dosimeters.  more

Neutron Cross Section Standards
Last Updated Date: 07/30/2013

NIST continues to be deeply involved with measurements and evaluations of neutron cross section standards.   NIST maintains a limited experimental … more

Calibrated Neutron Sources
Last Updated Date: 07/30/2013

ANSI N42.35 requires 252 Cf neutron sources encapsulated in 1 cm of steel with a fluence of 2x10 4 n/s ±20%. 

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