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Physics Portal - Overview

Physics research at NIST includes everything from improving the safety of medical radiation procedures to developing future "quantum information" technologies that generate unbreakable codes. NIST provides the measurements, standards, and technical expertise scientists and industries need to push the limits of the fundamental properties of nature.

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Programs and Projects
Photometry

The purpose of photometry is to measure light in a way that takes the sensitivity of human visual system into account. While radiometry measures … more

Neutron Interferometry with Polarized Neutrons as an Additional Degree of Freedom

Our goal is to apply Quantum Information Processing techniques to improve neutron interferometry contrast by making our final measurement … more

Far-infrared Spectroscopy of Biomolecules

Far-infrared (or terahertz/THz, ca. 25 to 300 micron wavelength) femtosecond pulsed laser and Fourier-transform infrared methods are employed to … more

Hydrogen Generation in Di-Iron Hydrogenase Mimics

Discovery of novel materials to facilitate hydrogen gas production has prompted new avenues of research towards developing hydrogen as an … more

Photovoltaic Carrier Dynamics Measured by Time-Resolved Terahertz Spectroscopy

Far-infrared (or THz, 25 to 300 micron wavelength) femtosecond laser methods are employed to measure photovoltaic (PV) materials spectra and … more

In Situ Measurement Techniques

Synthetic cell membrane constructs allow the simplification and complete control of a more complicated cellular system, as well as the … more

Instruments
Continuous-wave terahertz spectrometer

The continuous-wave terahertz spectrometer makes use of two near-infrared lasers. The first laser is a fixed-frequency cw ring Ti:Saph laser … more

Ultrafast Terahertz Spectroscopy and Imaging

Three independent femtosecond laser systems are used for generating ultrafast pulses in the mid-IR (and Terahertz(THz) spectral regions through … more

Primary optical watt radiometer (POWR) facility

POWR is a cryogenic electrical substitution radiometer that serves as the Nation's optical power reference. more

Lunar spectro-radiometer

Design of the lunar irradiance instrument is based on commercially available spectrographs. These spectrographs can be stable and sub-components … more

Infrared reference integrating sphere (IRIS)

An integrating-sphere system has been designed and constructed for the measurement of multiple optical properties in the infrared spectral range. … more

Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility SURF III

The Synchrotron Ultraviolet Radiation Facility SURF III is operated by the National Institute of Standards and Technology NIST as a stable light … more

Software
NIST's Integrated colony enumerator (NICE)

Enumeration of bacterial colonies on an agar plate is simple in concept, but automated colony counting is difficult due to variations in colony … more

jb95 Spectral fitting program

A graphical user interface program, JB95 , based on a Windows 95 © API platform has been written in the C programming language to aid in the … more

Electron holography

An electron hologram is a fringe modulated image containing the amplitude and phase information of an electron transparent object. The HolograFREE … more

SCATMECH

SCATMECH is an object-oriented C++ class library developed to distribute models for light scattering applications. Included in the library are … more

Modeled integrated scattering tool (MIST)

The MIST program has been developed to provide users with a general application to model an integrated scattering system. The program performs an … more

Noncollinear phase matching in uniaxial and biaxial crystals

Although significant work has been done to characterize collinear phase matching and to present many of its applications, noncollinear phase … more

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