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Publication Citation: Micro Cryogenic Coolers for IR Imaging

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Author(s): Ryan J. Lewis; Yunda Wang; Jill Cooper; Mu Hong Lin; Victor M. Bright; Yung-Cheng Lee; Peter E. Bradley; Ray Radebaugh; Marcia L. Huber;
Title: Micro Cryogenic Coolers for IR Imaging
Published: April 29, 2011
Abstract: Joule-Thomson micro cryogenic coolers (MCCs) are a preferred approach for small and low power cryocoolers. With the same heat lift, MCC‰s power input can be only 1/10 of a thermoelectric cooler‰s input, and MCC‰s size can be only 1/10 of a Stirling cooler‰s size. With futuristic planar MCC and with high frequency MEMS compressors to be developed, its size can be reduced another order of magnitude. Such ,invisibleŠ cryocoolers may revolutionize future IR imaging systems. We will review our studies on the feasibility of MCC with an emphasis on: 1) high thermal isolation levels reaching 89,000 K/W; 2) custom-designed gas mixtures with refrigeration capabilities increased by 10X and pressure ratio reduced to only 4:1; 3) compressors with low pressure ratios; and 4) excellent scalability for further size reduction.
Proceedings: SPIE 2011 Defense, Security, and Sensing Conference
Volume: 8012
Pages: pp. 1 - 9
Location: Orlando, FL
Dates: April 25-29, 2011
Keywords: Cryocooler, Cryogenic, Joule-Thomson, Packaging, MEMS, IR Imaging, Thermoelectric, Stirling, Cooler
Research Areas: Cryogenics
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (847KB)