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Publication Citation: The Evolution of Time Measurement, Part 2 - Quartz Clocks

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Author(s): Michael A. Lombardi;
Title: The Evolution of Time Measurement, Part 2 - Quartz Clocks
Published: October 01, 2011
Abstract: A historical article about the origins and the development of quartz clocks and oscillators (Part II of a IV-part series). It describes the discovery of piezoelectricity, the development of the first quartz oscillators, how quartz oscillators were instrumental to the growth of the radio industry by becoming early standards for frequency measurements. It also covers the use of synthetic quartz, the limitations of quartz timekeeping, and the development of the quartz wristwatch.
Citation: IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Magazine
Volume: 14
Pages: pp. 41 - 48
Keywords: clocks,frequency,piezoelectricy,quartz,time
Research Areas: Physics
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (819KB)