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Publication Citation: Repeatability and reproducibility of compression strength measurements conducted according to ASTM E9

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Author(s): William E. Luecke; Stephen Graham; Matthew Adler; Li Ma;
Title: Repeatability and reproducibility of compression strength measurements conducted according to ASTM E9
Published: February 14, 2013
Abstract: Ten commercial laboratories participated in an interlaboratory study to establish the repeatability and reproducibility of compression strength tests conducted according to ASTM International Standart Test Method E9. The test employed a cylindrical aluminum AA2024-T351 test specimen. Participants measured elastic modulus and 0.2 % offset yield strength, YS(0.2 % offset), using an extensometer attached to the specimen. The repeatability and reproducibility of the yield strength measurement, expressed as coefficient of variations werecvr= 0.011 and cvR= 0.020 The reproducibility of the test across the laboratories was among the best that has been reported for uniaxial tests. The reported data indicated that using diametrally opposed extensometers, instead of a single extensometer doubled the precision of the test method. Laboratories that did not lubricate the ends of the specimen measured yield stresses and elastic moduli that were smaller than those measured in laboratories that lubricated the specimen ends. The modulus measured from stress- strain data were reanalyzed using a technique that finds the optimal fit range, and applies several quality checks to the data. The error in modulus measurements from stress-strain curves generally increased as the fit range decreased to less than 40 % of the stress range.
Citation: NIST TN - 1679
Keywords: compression; testing; ILS; ASTM; E9; yield strength; elastic modulus
Research Areas: Metals, Measurement Standards
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6028/NIST.TN.1679
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (11MB)