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Publication Citation: Community Risk Assessment Modeling: Results of Residential Fireground Field Experiments

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Author(s): Adam M. Barowy; Kathy Notarianni; Jason D. Averill; Lori Moore-Merrell; Robert Santos;
Title: Community Risk Assessment Modeling: Results of Residential Fireground Field Experiments
Published: July 07, 2010
Abstract: This paper presents an overview of a large multi-year, multi-partner research study on Firefighter Safety and Deployment of Resources as well as specific results from more than 60 laboratory and residential fireground experiments designed to quantify the effects of various fire department deployment configurations on the most common type of fire,a low hazard residential structure fire. The goal of the residential fireground field experiments is to provide an in-depth understanding of how different deployment factors affect time to fire department interventions. In the field experiments, fire crews performed a series of 22 key fireground tasks that were timed while the thermal and toxic environment inside the structure was measured. Report results quantify the effectiveness of crew size, first-due engine arrival time, and apparatus arrival stagger on the duration and time to completion of the 22 fireground tasks and the effect on occupant and firefighter safety. The overarching goal of the full project is to enable fire departments and city/county managers to make sound decisions regarding optimal resource allocation and service based upon scientifically-based assessment; safe, efficient and effective emergency response system design; and the local government‰s service commitment to the community.
Conference: Interflam 2010
Proceedings: Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference
Pages: pp. 1875 - 1886
Location: Nottingham, -1
Dates: July 5-7, 2010
Keywords: fire service deployment; fire safety; fire fighter safety; fire experiments; residential fires; fireground; community risk; NFPA 1710; emergency response
Research Areas: Fire Research, Fire Safety Research, Fire Fighting Technologies
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (9MB)