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Publication Citation: Thermal Noise and Noise Measurements a 2010 Update

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Author(s): Anthony R. Kerr; James P. Randa;
Title: Thermal Noise and Noise Measurements a 2010 Update
Published: October 01, 2010
Abstract: 1. Introduction 2. Noise Temperature as a Measure of Noise Power 3. Available Noise Power from a Resistor 4. The Zero-Point Noise Term and the Minimum Noise of an Amplifier 5. Noise-Temperature Standards and Measurement of One-Port Noise Sources 6. Measurement of Amplifier and Receiver Noise Temperature 7. Noise in Mixers 8. Thermal Noise in Networks and Attenuators 9. Noise Figure, Excess Noise Ratio, and the Standard Reference Temperature, T0 10. Microwave Brightness Temperature 11. Conclusions References
Citation: IEEE Microwave Magazine
Pages: pp. 41 - 52
Keywords: brightness temperature;noise;noise temperature;vacuum fluctuations;
Research Areas: Electromagnetics
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (1MB)