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|Author(s):||Eugene Malyarenko; Joseph Heyman; Huaiyu H. Chen-Mayer; Ronald E. Tosh;|
|Title:||Time-resolved radiation beam profiles in water obtained by ultrasonic tomography|
|Published:||December 31, 2010|
|Abstract:||This paper presents a practical ultrasonic system for near real-time imaging of spatial temperature distributions in water caused by absorption of radiation. Initial testing with radiation from a highly attenuated infrared lamp demonstrates that the system is able to map sub-milliKelvin temperature changes, thus making it suitable for characterizing dose profiles of therapy-level ionizing radiation beams. The system uses a fan-beam tomographic reconstruction algorithm to invert time-of-flight data derived from ultrasonic pulses produced and detected by a circular array of transducers immersed in water. Temperature dependence of the speed of sound in water permits the conversion of these measured two-dimensional velocity distributions into temperature distributions that indicate the absorbed radiation dose. The laboratory prototype, based on a 128-element transducer array, is used to acquire temperature maps of a 230 mm x 230 mm area every 4 seconds with sub-milliKelvin resolution in temperature and about 5 mm resolution in space. Earlier measurements with a single-channel version of this prototype suggest refinements in signal-conditioning electronics and signal-processing algorithms that would allow the present instrument to resolve temperature changes as low as a few microKelvin. Possible applications include real-time intensity profiling of radiation beams and three-dimensional characterization of the absorbed dose.|
|Pages:||pp. 208 - 218|
|Keywords:||absorbed dose, standard reference dosimetry, ultrasonic tomography, water calorimeters|
|Research Areas:||Medical Physics|
|PDF version:||Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (2MB)|