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Publication Citation: Lattice Interferometer for Ultra-Cold Atoms

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Author(s): Mikkel Andersen; Tycho Sleator;
Title: Lattice Interferometer for Ultra-Cold Atoms
Published: August 11, 2009
Abstract: We demonstrate an atomic interferometer based on ultra-cold atoms released from an optical lattice. This technique yields a large improvement in signal to noise over a related interferometer previously demonstrated. The interferometer involves diffraction of the atoms using a pulsed optical lattice. For short pulses a simple analytical theory predicts the expected signal. We investigate the interferometer for both short pulses and longer pulses where the analytical theory break down. Longer pulses can improve the precision and signal size. For specific pulse lengths we observe a coherent signal at times that differs greatly from what is expected from the short pulse model. The interferometric signal also reveals information about the dynamics of the atoms in the lattice. We investigate the application of the interferometer for a measurement of h/mA that together with other well known constants constitutes a measurement of the fine structure constant.
Citation: Physical Review Letters
Volume: 103
Issue: 7
Pages: pp. 1 - 4
Keywords: atomic interferometry, atomic recoil, fine structure, optical lattice, Talbot time
Research Areas: Atomic Physics
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (328KB)