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Publication Citation: Volume 4, The 1997 Prelaunch Radiometric Calibration of Sea WiFS

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): Bettye C. Johnson; Howard W. Yoon; Sally S. Bruce; Ping-Shine Shaw; E A. Thompson; S B. Hooker; R Eplee; R Barnes; S Maritorena; J Mueller;
Title: Volume 4, The 1997 Prelaunch Radiometric Calibration of Sea WiFS
Published: April 01, 1999
Abstract: The Sea-viewing Side Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) was originally calibrated by the instrument's manufacturer, Santa Barbara Research Center (SBRC), in November 1993. In preparation for an August 1997 launch, the Sea WiFS Project and the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) undertook a second calibration of SeawiFS in January and April 1997 at the facility of the spacecraft integrator, Orbital Sciences Corporation (OSC). This calibration occurrec in two phases, the first after the final thermal vacuum test, and the second after the final vibration test of the spacecraft. For the calibration, SeaWiFS observed an integrating sphere from the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) at four radiance levels. The spectral radiance of the sphere at these radiance levels was also measured by the SeaWiFS Transfer Radiometer (SXR). In addition, during the calibration, SeaWiFS and the SXR observed the sphere at 16 radiance levels to determine the linearity of the SeaWiFS response. As part of the calibration analysis, the GSFC Sphere was also characterized using a GSFC spectroradiometer. The 1997 calibration agrees with the initial 1993 calibration to within + 4%. The new calibration coefficients, computed before and after the vibration test, agree to within 0.5%. The response of the SeaWiFS channels in each band is linear to better than 1%. In order to compare to previous and current methods, the SeaWiFS radiometric responses are presented in two ways: using the nominal center wavelengths for the eight bands; and using band-averaged spectral radiances. The band-averaged values are used in the flight calibration table. An uncertainty analysis for the calibration coefficients is also presented.
Citation: SeaWiFs Postlaunch Technical Report Series
Volume: 4
Keywords: calibration,ocean color,radiometric intercomparison,remote sensing,SeaWiFS,SIRREX
Research Areas: Physics