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Publication Citation: Quantize-and-Forward Relaying with M-ary Phase Shift Keying

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Author(s): Michael R. Souryal; Huiqing You;
Title: Quantize-and-Forward Relaying with M-ary Phase Shift Keying
Published: March 31, 2008
Abstract: Using cooperative transmission, two or more single-antenna users can share their antennas to achieve spatial diversity in a slow fading channel. One relaying protocol that achieves diversity, amplify-and-forward (AF), is striking in its simplicity, but prior analysis has been concerned with an idealized version of AF. In practice, the signal received by the relay must be quantized and stored in finite memory before retransmission. This paper examines a quantize-and-forward (QF) relaying approach that is amenable to implementation on resource-constrained relays. We describe QF relaying with M-ary phase shift keying (PSK) and derive the maximum likelihood-based soft-decision metric for this scheme. When each M-PSK channel symbol is quantized with q bits at the relay, simulation results show that quantizing with q=1+log_2 M bits (i.e., only one extra bit per symbol) provides comparable performance in Rayleigh fading to the idealized (unquantized) AF protocol as well as to an adaptive decode-and-forward protocol at frame error rates of practical interest. Furthermore, this performance is achieved without requiring channel decoding or channel state information at the relay (i.e., using only non-coherent detection at the relay). The proposed QF scheme allows the use of resource-limited relays (with low processing power and low memory) to achieve cooperative diversity.
Conference: IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC)
Proceedings: Proceedings of the IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference (WCNC )
Pages: 6 pp.
Location: Las Vegas, NV
Dates: March 31-April 3, 2008
Keywords: amplify-and-forward,cooperative diversity,non-coherent detection,phase shift keying,quantize-and-forward
Research Areas: Telcommunications/Wireless, Wireless
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (175KB)