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Publication Citation: Aqueous blackbody calibration source for millimeter-wave/terahertz metrology

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Author(s): Charles Dietlein; Zoya Popovic; Erich N. Grossman;
Title: Aqueous blackbody calibration source for millimeter-wave/terahertz metrology
Published: October 20, 2008
Abstract: This paper describes a calibrated broadband emitter for the millimeter-wave through terahertz frequency regime, called the aqueous blackbody calibration source. Due to its extremely high absorption, liquid water is chosen as the emitter on the basis of reciprocity. The water is constrained to a specific shape (an optical trap geometry) in an expanded polystyrene (EPS) container and maintained at a selected, uniform temperature. Uncertainty in the selected radiometric temperature due to the undesirable reflectance present at a water interface is minimized by the trap geometry, ensuring that radiation incident on the entrance aperture encounters a pair of p relections at 45 degrees. For water reflectance Rw of 40% at 45 degrees in the W-band, this implies a theoretical effective aperture emissivity of (1-R2wsR2wp) > 98.8%. From the W-band to 450 GHz, the maximum radiometric temperature uncertainty is ±0.40 K, independent of water temperature. Uncertainty from 450 GHz to 1 THz is increased due to EPS scattering and absorption, resulting in a maximum uncertainty of -3 K at 1 THz.
Citation: Applied Optics
Volume: 47
Issue: 30
Pages: pp. 5604 - 5614
Keywords: blackbody,calibration,metrology,source,terahertz
Research Areas: Terahertz Technology
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (1MB)