Take a sneak peek at the new NIST.gov and let us know what you think!
(Please note: some content may not be complete on the beta site.).

View the beta site
NIST logo

Publication Citation: Microfabricated Atomic Frequency References

NIST Authors in Bold

Author(s): John E. Kitching; Svenja A. Knappe; Li-Anne Liew; John M. Moreland; Peter D. Schwindt; V Shah; V Gerginov; Leo W. Hollberg;
Title: Microfabricated Atomic Frequency References
Published: August 01, 2005
Abstract: Using microfabrication processes, we have been able to construct physics packages for vapour cell atomic frequency references 100x smaller than previously existing versions, with a corresponding reduction in power consumption. In addition, the devices offer the potential for wafer-level fabrication and assembly, which would substantially reduce manufacturing costs. It is anticipated that a complete frequency reference could be constructed based on these physics packages with a total volume below 1 cm3, a power dissipation near 30 mW and a fractional frequency instability below 10^-11^ over time periods from hours to days. Such a device would enable the use of atomically precise timing in applications that require battery operation and portability, such as hand-held global positioning system receivers and wireless communication systems.
Citation: Metrologia
Volume: 42
Pages: pp. S100 - S104
Research Areas: Electromagnetics
PDF version: PDF Document Click here to retrieve PDF version of paper (561KB)