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Environment/Climate Portal - Overview

Through its partnerships with industry, government, and academia, NIST is helping to advance measurements and tools for environmental science, for example by calibrating the sensors of climate-mapping satellites and detecting ever more minute quantities of toxins and pollutants in our air, soil, water, and blood.

Institute for Bioscience & Biotechnology Research>>

Hollings Marine Laboratory >>

At Earth from a Distance: NIST’s Role in Observing Our Planet from Space >>

Programs and Projects
Fiber Sources and Applications

Optical frequency combs convert a laser source containing a single frequency of light into pulses that include thousands of frequencies. This … more

Aperture area measurements

Radiometric and photometric measurements require defining apertures. The accuracy to which these measurements can be accomplished requires … more

Hyperspectral Image Projector (HIP)

Detecting climate change with remote sensing instruments, providing state-of-the-art surveillance imagery for security and defense, or getting the … more

Femtosecond Laser Frequency Combs for Optical Clocks

We develop self-referenced mode-locked femtosecond lasers that function as the "gears" of optical clocks. The femtosecond laser clockwork is … more

Smoke Stack Simulator

Today, inconsistencies between measured CO 2 emissions and emissions calculated from coal consumption are on the order of 10% to 20%. Either a … more

Seabird Tissue and Archival Monitoring Project (STAMP)

In 1999, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge (USFWS-AMNWR), the U.S. Geological Survey Biological … more

Standard Reference Photometer

The Standard Reference Photometer (SRP) Program began in the early 1980s as collaboration between NIST and the U.S. Environmental Protection … more

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