In ferromagnetic thin films, broken inversion symmetry and spin-orbit coupling give rise to interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions. Analytic expressions for spin-wave properties show that the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction leads to non-reciprocal spin-wave propagation, i.e. different properties for spin waves propagating in opposite directions. In favorable situations, it can increase the spin-wave attenuation length. Comparing measured spin wave properties in ferromagnet|normal metal bilayers and other artificial layered structures with these calculations can provide a useful characterization of the interfacial Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interactions.
Citation: Physical Review B
Pub Type: Journals
spin-waves, Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya, magnetization dynamics, magnetic exchange, magnetic bilayers