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Publications

Search Publications by Daniel Swetz

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Displaying 26 - 50 of 55

Simultaneous readout of 128 X-ray and Gamma-ray Transition-edge Microcalorimeters using Microwave SQUID Multiplexing

August 8, 2017
Author(s)
John A. Mates, Daniel T. Becker, Douglas A. Bennett, Johnathon D. Gard, James P. Hays-Wehle, Joseph W. Fowler, Gene C. Hilton, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz, Leila R. Vale, Joel N. Ullom
The number of elements in most cryogenic sensor arrays is limited by the technology available to multiplex signals from the array into a smaller number of wires and readout amplifiers. The largest demonstrated arrays of transition-edge sensor (TES)

A Reassessment of Absolute Energies of X-ray L Lines of Lanthanide Metals

June 28, 2017
Author(s)
Bradley K. Alpert, William B. Doriese, Gene C. Hilton, Lawrence T. Hudson, Young Il Joe, Kelsey M. Morgan, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz, Csilla I. Szabo-Foster, Joel N. Ullom, Joseph W. Fowler, Galen C. O'Neil, Douglas A. Bennett
We introduce a new technique for determining x-ray fluorescence line energies and widths, and we present measurements made with this technique of 22 x-ray L lines from lanthanide-series elements. The technique uses arrays of transition-edge sensors

A practical superconducting-microcalorimeter X-ray spectrometer for beamline and laboratory science

May 16, 2017
Author(s)
William B. Doriese, Peter Abbamonte, Douglas A. Bennett, Edward V. Denison, Yizhi Fang, Daniel A. Fischer, Colin P. Fitzgerald, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Cherno Jaye, Jessica L. McChesney, Luis Miaja Avila, Kelsey M. Morgan, Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Carl D. Reintsema, Fanny Rodolakis, Daniel R. Schmidt, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Jens Uhlig, Leila R. Vale, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
We describe a series of microcalorimeter X-ray spectrometers designed for a broad suite of measurement applications. The chief advantage of this type of spectrometer is that it can be orders of magnitude more efficient at collecting X-rays than more

Beating Darwin-Bragg losses in lab-based ultrafast x-ray experiments

March 24, 2017
Author(s)
Wilfred Fullagar, Jens Uhlig, Ujjwal Mandal, Dharma Kurunthu, Amal El Nahhas, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Alireza Honarfar, Fredrik Gustafsson, Villy Sundstrom, Mikko Palosaari, Luis Miaja Avila, Young Il Joe, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
The use of low temperature thermal detectors for avoiding Darwin-Bragg losses in lab-based ultrafast experiments has begun. An outline of the background of this new development is offered, showing the relevant history and initiative taken by this work.

Ultrafast time-resolved x-ray absorption spectroscopy of ferrioxalate photolysis with a laser plasma x-ray source and microcalorimeter array

February 17, 2017
Author(s)
Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom, Luis Miaja Avila, Young Il Joe, Joseph W. Fowler, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel S. Swetz, Kevin L. Silverman, Daniel R. Schmidt, Bruce D. Ravel, Gene C. Hilton, William B. Doriese, Bradley K. Alpert, Ralph Jimenez
Using a table-top apparatus based upon a laser plasma x-ray source and an array of cryogenic microcalorimeter x-ray detectors, we have measured the transient x-ray absorption spectrum during the ferrioxalate photoreduction reaction. We observe the Fe K

An Overhanging Absorber for TES X-ray Focal Planes

December 23, 2016
Author(s)
James P. Hays-Wehle, Peter J. Lowell, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
In order to improve pixel count and collecting area, future TES x-ray focal planes require pixels with both a higher coverage of the active area and compatibility with in-focal-plane multiplexing. We anticipate these improvements by developing a pixel with

When "Optimal Filtering" Isn't

December 8, 2016
Author(s)
Joseph W. Fowler, Bradley K. Alpert, William B. Doriese, James P. Hays-Wehle, Young Il Joe, Kelsey M. Morgan, Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz
The so-called ``optimal filter'' analysis of a microcalorimeter's x-ray pulses is statistically optimal only if all pulses have the same shape, regardless of energy. The shapes of pulses from a nonlinear detector can and do depend on the pulse energy

A Thin-Film Cryotron Suitable For Use as an Ultra-Low-Temperature Switch

October 6, 2016
Author(s)
Peter J. Lowell, John A. Mates, William B. Doriese, Gene C. Hilton, Kelsey M. Morgan, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel R. Schmidt
Low-temperature superconducting circuits have become important in modern science. However, there are presently no high-current-capacity switches with low power dissipation for sub-Kelvin operation. One candidate for a sub-Kelvin switch is the cryotron, a

First application of superconducting transition-edge-sensor microcalorimeters to hadronic-atom x-ray spectroscopy

September 30, 2016
Author(s)
Douglas A. Bennett, William B. Doriese, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, James P. Hays-Wehle, Gene C. Hilton, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
High-resolution pionic-atom x-ray spectroscopy was performed with an x-ray spectrometer based on a 240-pixel array of superconducting transition-edge-sensor (TES)microcalorimeters at the πM1 beam line of the Paul Scherrer Institute. The pionic-carbon 4 → 3

Ultrafast time-resolved hard x-ray emission spectroscopy on a table top

September 27, 2016
Author(s)
Luis Miaja Avila, Galen C. O'Neil, Young Il Joe, Bradley K. Alpert, Niels Damrauer, William B. Doriese, Steven Fatur, Joseph W. Fowler, Gene C. Hilton, Ralph Jimenez, Carl D. Reintsema, Daniel R. Schmidt, Kevin L. Silverman, Daniel S. Swetz, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Joel N. Ullom
Chemical reactions driven by light are fundamental to biology and a source of inspiration for engineering materials to perform tasks such as solar energy harvesting and data storage. Observing and understanding photodynamics requires experimental tools

Code-division-multiplexed readout of large arrays of TES microcalorimeters

September 15, 2016
Author(s)
Kelsey M. Morgan, Bradley K. Alpert, Douglas A. Bennett, William B. Doriese, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Carl D. Reintsema, Edward V. Denison, Daniel R. Schmidt, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
Code-division multiplexing (CDM) offers a path to reading out large arrays of transition edge sensor (TES) X-ray micro-calorimeters with excellent energy and timing resolution. We demonstrate the readout of X-ray TESs with a 32-channel flux-summed code

Absolute Energy Calibration of X-ray TESs with 0.04 eV Uncertainty at 6.4 keV in a Hadron-Beam Environment

January 19, 2016
Author(s)
Hideyuki Tatsuno, William B. Doriese, Douglas A. Bennett, Catalina Curceanu, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, Fredrick P. Gustafsson, Tadashi Hashimoto, Ryugo S. Hayano, James P. Hays-Wehle, Gene C. Hilton, Mihail Iliescu, Shigeru Ishimoto, Kenta Itahashi, Masashiko Iwasaki, Keisuke Kuwabara, Yue Ma, Johann Marton, Hirofumi Noda, Galen C. O'Neil, Shinji Okada, Haruhiko Outa, Carl D. Reintsema, Masaharu Sato, Daniel R. Schmidt, Hexi Shi, Ken Suzuki, Takatoshi Suzuki, Jens Uhlig, Joel N. Ullom, Eberhard Widmann, Shinya Yamada, Johann Zmeskal, Daniel S. Swetz
A performance evaluation of superconducting transition-edge sensors (TESs) in the environment of a pion beam line at a particle accelerator is presented. Averaged across the 209 functioning sensors in the array, the achieved energy resolution is 5.2 eV

Algorithms for Identification of Nearly-Coincident Events in Calorimetric Sensors

December 29, 2015
Author(s)
Bradley K. Alpert, Elena Ferri, Douglas A. Bennett, Marco Faverzani, Joseph W. Fowler, Andrea Giachero, James P. Hays-Wehle, Angelo Nucciotti, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
For experiments with high arrival rates, reliable identification of nearly-coincident events can be crucial. For calorimetric measurements to directly measure the neutrino mass such as HOLMES, unidentified pulse pile-ups are expected to comprise a leading

Developments in time-division multiplexing of X-ray transition-edge sensors.

December 8, 2015
Author(s)
William B. Doriese, Kelsey M. Morgan, Douglas A. Bennett, Edward V. Denison, Colin P. Fitzgerald, Joseph W. Fowler, Johnathon D. Gard, James P. Hays-Wehle, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Young Il Joe, John A. Mates, Galen C. O'Neil, Carl D. Reintsema, Nigel O. Robbins, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz, Hideyuki Tatsuno, Joel N. Ullom, Leila R. Vale
Time-division multiplexing (TDM) is a mature scheme for the readout of transition-edge sensors. Variants of TDM, which is based on superconducting-quantum-interference-device (SQUID) current amplifiers, have to date been field-deployed in several

Observation of Iron Spin-States using Tabletop X-ray Emission Spectroscopy and Microcalorimeter Sensors

December 2, 2015
Author(s)
Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Luis Miaja Avila, Joseph W. Fowler, Kevin L. Silverman, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom, Ralph Jimenez
X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) is a powerful probe of the electronic and chemical state of elemental species embedded within more complex compounds. X-ray sensors that combine high resolving power and high collecting efficiency are desirable for photon

The Practice of Pulse Processing

November 12, 2015
Author(s)
Joseph W. Fowler, Bradley K. Alpert, William B. Doriese, Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
The analysis of data from x-ray microcalorimeters requires great care; their excellent intrinsic energy resolution cannot usually be achieved in practice without a statistically near-optimal pulse analysis and corrections for important systematic errors

Microcalorimeter Spectroscopy at High Pulse Rates: a Multi-Pulse Fitting Technique

August 24, 2015
Author(s)
Joseph W. Fowler, Bradley K. Alpert, William B. Doriese, Young Il Joe, Galen C. O'Neil, Cherno Jaye, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel A. Fischer, Daniel S. Swetz
Transition edge sensor microcalorimeters can measure x-ray and gamma-ray energies with very high energy resolution and high photon-collection efficiency. For this technology to reach its full potential in future x-ray observatories, each sensor must be

Thermal Conductance Engineering for High-Speed TES Microcalorimeters

July 22, 2015
Author(s)
James P. Hays-Wehle, Daniel R. Schmidt, Joel N. Ullom, Daniel S. Swetz
Many current and future applications for superconducting transition-edge sensor (TESmicrocalorimeters require significantly faster pulse-response than is currently available. X-ray spectroscopy experiments at next-generation synchrotron light sources need

High-resolution X-ray emission spectroscopy with transition-edge sensors: present performance and future potential

May 1, 2015
Author(s)
William B. Doriese, Joseph W. Fowler, Daniel S. Swetz, Cherno Jaye, Daniel A. Fischer, Carl D. Reintsema, Douglas A. Bennett, Leila R. Vale, Gene C. Hilton, Daniel R. Schmidt, Joel N. Ullom, Jens Uhlig, Ujjwal Mandal, Galen C. O'Neil, Luis Miaja Avila, Young Il Joe, wilfrid fullagar, Fredrick P. Gustafsson, Dharma Kurunthu, Villy Sundstrom
X-ray emission spectroscopy (XES) is a powerful element-selective tool to analyze the oxidation states of atoms in complex compounds, determine their electronic configuration, and identify unknown compounds in challenging environments. Until now the low

Measurement of the 240Pu/239Pu Mass Ratio Using a Transition-Edge-Sensor Microcalorimeter for Total Decay Energy Spectroscopy

February 27, 2015
Author(s)
Daniel R. Schmidt, Douglas A. Bennett, James P. Hays-Wehle, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom, Andrew Hoover, Mark Croce, Michael W. Rabin, Evelyn Bond, Terry Holesinger, Gerd Kunde, Laura Wolfsbereg
We have developed a new category of sensor for measurement of the 240Pu/239Pu mass ratio from aqueous solution samples with advantages over existing methods. Aqueous solution plutonium samples were evaporated and encapsulated inside of a gold foil absorber

Phase-slip lines as a resistance mechanism in transition-edge sensors

January 27, 2014
Author(s)
Douglas A. Bennett, Daniel R. Schmidt, Daniel S. Swetz, Joel N. Ullom
The fundamental mechanism of resistance in voltage-biased superconducting films is poorly understood despite its importance as the basis of transition-edge sensors (TESs). TESs are utilized in state-of- the-art microbolometers and microcalorimeters

Table-top ultrafast x-ray microcalorimeter spectrometry for molecular structure

March 26, 2013
Author(s)
Jens (. Uhlig, William B. Doriese, Joseph W. Fowler, Daniel S. Swetz, Carl D. Reintsema, Douglas A. Bennett, Leila R. Vale, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Joel N. Ullom, Ilari Maasilta, Wilfred Fullagar, Niklas Gador, Sophie Canton, Kimmo Kinnunen, Villy Sundstrom
This work presents an x-ray absorption measurement by use of ionizing radiation generated by a femtosecond pulsed laser source. The spectrometer was a microcalorimetric array whose pixels are capable of accurately measuring energies of individual radiation

Current Distribution and Transition Width in Superconducting Transition-Edge Sensors

December 13, 2012
Author(s)
Daniel S. Swetz, Douglas A. Bennett, Daniel R. Schmidt, Joel N. Ullom
Present models of the superconducting-to-normal transition in transition-edge sensors (TESs)do not describe the current distribution within a biased TES. This distribution is complicated by normal-metal features that are integral to TES design. We present

A high resolution gamma-ray spectrometer based on superconducting microcalorimeters

September 28, 2012
Author(s)
Douglas A. Bennett, Robert D. Horansky, Daniel R. Schmidt, Andrew Hoover, Ryan Winkler, Bradley K. Alpert, James A. Beall, William B. Doriese, Joseph W. Fowler, Gene C. Hilton, Kent D. Irwin, Nathan J. Hoteling, Vincent Y. Kotsubo, John A. Mates, Galen C. O'Neil, Michael W. Rabin, Carl D. Reintsema, Francis J. Schima, Daniel S. Swetz, Leila R. Vale, Joel N. Ullom
Improvements in superconductor device fabrication, detector hybridization techniques, and superconducting quantum interference device readout have made square-centimeter-sized arrays of gammaray microcalorimeters, based on transition-edge sensors (TESs)