Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Publications

Search Publications by Josh Gordon

Search Title, Abstract, Conference, Citation, Keyword or Author
Displaying 26 - 50 of 84

Development of A New Atom-Based SI Traceable Electric-Field Metrology Technique

October 18, 2017
Author(s)
Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons, Joshua A. Gordon
We are developing a fundamentally new atom-based approach for Electric (E) metrology. This technique has the capability of becoming a new international standard for E-field measurements and calibrations. Since this new approach is based on atomic

Serial Robotic Arm Joint Characterization Measurements for Antenna Metrology

October 15, 2017
Author(s)
Michael S. Allman, David R. Novotny, Joshua A. Gordon, Alexandra Curtin, Scott Sandwith
We developed an accurate kinematic model of our six-axis serial robotic arm used for antenna characterization measurements. The model was calibrated over a 0.4 m3 working cell. We validated the calibration using a 1 m2 plane embedded within the calibration

Submillimeter Wavelength Scattering from Random Rough Surfaces

August 9, 2017
Author(s)
Erich N. Grossman, Richard A. Chamberlin, David R. Novotny, Joshua A. Gordon, Nina P. Basta
We describe bistatic scattering measurements on eight reference targets constructed from Al2O3 grit of various sizes embedded in an absorptive epoxy matrix. These samples' surface topographies were measured using focus-variation microscopy, and their

Atom-based RF electric field metrology above 100 GHz

July 16, 2017
Author(s)
Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons, Joshua A. Gordon
While atom-based radio-frequency (RF) electric field probes have the potential to improve electric field measurements for a broad range of frequencies (from a few GHz to 100s of GHz) and field strengths (mV/m to kV/m), extending the measurement

Measurement Challenges for 5G and Beyond

July 14, 2017
Author(s)
Catherine A. Remley, Jeffrey A. Jargon, Joshua A. Gordon, Alexandra E. Curtin, David R. Novotny, Christopher L. Holloway, Robert D. Horansky, Michael S. Allman, Jeanne T. Quimby, Camillo A. Gentile, Peter B. Papazian, Ruoyu Sun, Damir Senic, Jelena Senic, Matthew T. Simons, Maria G. Becker, Dylan F. Williams, Richard A. Chamberlin, Jerome G. Cheron, Ari D. Feldman, Paul D. Hale, Mohit S. Mujumdar, Nada T. Golmie
National Metrology Institutes (NMIs) around the world are charged with supporting industry through improved measurement science and by providing a traceability path to fundamental physical standards. Mobile wireless communications have become a ubiquitous

Electric field metrology for SI traceability: Systematic measurement uncertainties in electromagnetically induced transparency in atomic vapor

May 24, 2017
Author(s)
Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons, Joshua A. Gordon, Georg Raithel, dave Anderson
We investigate the relationship between the Rabi frequency ($\Ω_{RF}$, related to the applied electric field) and Autler-Townes (AT) splitting, when performing atom-based radio- frequency (RF) electric (E) field strength measurements using Rydberg states

Characterization of Millimeter-wave 3D-printed Antennas For CubeSat Applications Using a Robotic Antenna Range

February 21, 2017
Author(s)
Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny, Ronald C. Wittmann, Michael H. Francis, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri, Alexandra Curtin, Miranda L. Butler, Albin Gasiewski, Lavanya Periasamy
3D printing is finding applications across many areas and may also be a useful technology for antenna fab- rication for CubeSats. However, the quality of an antenna produced using 3D printing must be well understood if this technology can be relied upon

Assessment of a 3D-Printed Aluminum Corrugated Feed Horn at 118.7503 GHz

February 20, 2017
Author(s)
Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny, Ronald C. Wittmann, Michael H. Francis, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri, Periasamy Lavanya, Albin Gasiewski
All-metal 3D printing is investigated as a viable option for millimeter wave applications. 3D printing is finding applications across many areas and may be a useful technology for antenna fabrication. The ability to rapidly fabricate custom antenna

An Overview of Atom-Based SI-Traceable Electric-Field Metrology

October 30, 2016
Author(s)
Joshua A. Gordon, Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons
We present an overview of radio frequency (RF) electric-field measurements using Rydberg atoms. This technique exploits the rich resonance response of these atoms which can occur across a large frequency range from 1 GHz-500 GHz. This measurement utilizes

Gain Comparison of a 3D?Printed Horn and an Electroformed Horn

October 30, 2016
Author(s)
Michael H. Francis, David R. Novotny, Joshua A. Gordon, Alexandra Curtin, Ronald C. Wittmann
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has used the three‐antenna extrapolation method to determine the on‐axis gain of several antennas in the WR8 frequency band. One antenna is an electroformed μ=±1 probe with gain of about 9 dB. The

Antenna Metrology 100-500 GHz: A New Approach

May 16, 2016
Author(s)
Perry F. Wilson, Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri
A typical near-field scanning range for antenna measurements is based on simple translation stages (planar) or stacked rotators (spherical), or both (cylindrical). Above 100 GHz problems arise in both specialized waveguide components, such as precision

Multi-purpose Configurable Range for Antenna Testing Up To 220 GHz*

April 10, 2016
Author(s)
David R. Novotny, Michael H. Francis, Ronald C. Wittmann, Joshua A. Gordon, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri, Alexandra Curtin
NIST has developed a multi-purpose test range for performing several types of antenna testing including spherical, cylindrical and planar near-field scanning as well as extrapolation measurements. This range uses a commercial, offthe- shelf, six-axis robot

Using Frequency Detuning to Improve the Sensitivity of Electric Field Measurements via Electromagnetically Induced Transparency and Autler-Townes Splitting In Rydberg Atoms

March 14, 2016
Author(s)
Christopher L. Holloway, Matthew T. Simons, Joshua A. Gordon
In this work we demonstrate an approach for improved sensitivity in weak RF electric-field measurements using Rydberg EIT in an atomic vapor. This is accomplished by varying the RF frequency around a resonant atomic transition and extrapolating the weak on

Millimeter-Wave Near-Field Measurements Using Coordinated Robotics

December 1, 2015
Author(s)
Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny, Ronald C. Wittmann, Michael H. Francis, Miranda L. Butler, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri
The National Institute of Standards and Technology(NIST) recently developed a new robotic scanning system for performing near-field measurements at millimeter-wave (mm-wave)frequencies above 100 GHz, the configurable robotic millimeterwave antenna (CROMMA)

Millimeter-Wave Near-Field Measurements Using Coordinated Robotics

October 29, 2015
Author(s)
Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny, Michael H. Francis, Ronald C. Wittmann, Alexandra Curtin, Miranda L. Butler, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri
The National Institute of Standards and Tech- nology (NIST) recently developed a new robotic scan- ning system for performing near-field measurements at millimeter-wave frequencies above 100 GHz, the CROMMA (Configurable Robotic Millimeter-Wave Antenna)

A Single Pixel Touchless Laser Tracker Probe

October 16, 2015
Author(s)
Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny, Alexandra Curtin
We have developed a laser tracker probe, the Pixel Probe, that does not require physically contacting the object one is measuring and which has 3D spatial resolution of about 25 μm (in x,y,z) in the current configuration. This touchless laser tracker probe

Antenna Measurement Implementations and Dynamic Positional Validation Using a Six Axis Robot

October 12, 2015
Author(s)
David R. Novotny, Joshua A. Gordon, Michael H. Francis, Ronald C. Wittmann, Alexandra Curtin, Jeffrey R. Guerrieri
We have performed spherical and extrapolation scans of two antennas at 118 GHz using a commercial 6-axis robot. Unlike spherical scanning, linear extrapolations do not precisely conform to the native circular movement of the individual robot axes. To

Generalized Probe-Position Compensation Methods for Near-Field Antenna Measurements

October 11, 2015
Author(s)
Michael H. Francis, Ronald C. Wittmann, Joshua A. Gordon, David R. Novotny
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has developed computationally efficient algorithms for probe location and polarization compensation in near- to far-field transformations for use when measurements are not made on the standard