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Search Publications by Elijah Petersen

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Displaying 1 - 25 of 80

Comparative study of multiwall carbon nanotube nanocomposites by Raman, SEM, and XPS measurement techniques

March 3, 2021
Yanmei Piao, Vipin Tondare, Chelsea S. Davis, Justin Gorham, Elijah Petersen, Jeffrey W. Gilman, Keana Scott, Andras Vladar, Angela R. Hight Walker
Substantial ongoing research efforts are investigating the production of novel composite material enhanced by the incorporation of nanomaterial fillers such as multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs). While the addition of MWCNTs have been shown to improve the

Determining what really counts: Modeling and measuring nanoparticle number concentrations

August 1, 2019
Elijah J. Petersen, Antonio R. Montoro Bustos, Blaza Toman, Monique E. Johnson, Mark Ellefson, George C. Caceres, Anna Lena Neuer, Qilin Chan, Jonathan Kemling, Brian Mader, Karen E. Murphy, Matthias Roesslein
Elijah J. Petersen, Antonio Montoro Bustos, Blaza Toman, Monique Johnson, Mark Ellefson, George C. Caceres, Anna Lena Neuer, Qilin Chan, Jonathan Kemling, Brian Mader, Karen Murphy, Matthias Roesslein

Towards Sustainable Environmental Quality: Priority Research Questions for North America

July 30, 2019
Anne Fairbrother, Derek Muir, Keith Solomon, Gerald Ankley, Murray Rudd, Alistair Boxall, William Adams, Jennifer Apell, Bonnie Blalock, Sarah Bowman, Linda Campbell, George Cobb, Kristin Connors, David Dreier, Marlene Evans, Carol Henry, Robert Hoke, Magali Houde, Stephen Klaine, Rebecca Klaper, Sigrun Kullik, Roman Lanno, Charles Meyer, Elias Oziolor, Mary Ann Ottinger, Elijah J. Petersen, Helen Poynton, Pamela Rice, Gabriela Rodriguez-Fuentes, Alan Samel, Joseph Shaw, Jeffrey Steevens, Tim Verslycke, Scott Weir, Peter Wilson, Bryan Brooks
Anticipating, identifying and prioritizing strategic needs represent essential activities by research organizations. When these pursuits engage globally important environment and health goals, including the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

Strategies for robust and accurate measurement of nanomaterial bioaccumulation

April 17, 2019
Elijah J. Petersen, Monika Mortimer, Robert Burgess, Richard Handy, Shannon Hanna, Kay Ho, Monique E. Johnson, Susana Louriero, Selck Henriette, Janeck Scott-Fordsmand, David Spurgeon, Jason Unrine, Nico van den Brink, Ying Wang, Jason White, Patricia Holden
One of the key components for environmental risk assessment of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) is data on bioaccumulation potential. Accurately measuring bioaccumulation can be critical for regulatory decision making regarding material hazard and risk, and

Agglomeration of Escherichia coli with positively charged nanoparticles can lead to artifacts in a standard Caenorhabditis elegans toxicity assay

April 19, 2018
Shannon Hanna, Antonio R. Montoro Bustos, Alexander W. Peterson, Vytautas Reipa, Leona D. Scanlan, Sanem Hosbas Coskun, Tae Joon Cho, Monique E. Johnson, Vincent A. Hackley, Bryant C. Nelson, Michael R. Winchester, John T. Elliott, Elijah J. Petersen
The increased use and incorporation of engineered nanoparticles (ENPs) in consumer products requires a robust assessment of their potential environmental implications. However, a lack of standardized methods for nanotoxicity testing has yielded results

Detection and Quantification of Graphene Family Nanomaterials in the Environment

March 5, 2018
David G. Goodwin, Adeyemi Adeyele, Li Piin Sung, Kay Ho, Robert Burgess, Elijah J. Petersen
An increase in production of commercial products containing graphene-family nanomaterials (GFNs) has led to concern over their release into the environment. The fate and potential ecotoxicological effects of GFNs in the environment are currently unclear

Counting Caenorhabditis elegans: Protocol Optimization and Applications for Population Growth and Toxicity Studies in Liquid Medium

January 17, 2018
Steven P. Lund, Sanem Hosbas Coskun, Monique E. Johnson, Christopher M. Sims, Elijah J. Petersen, John T. Elliott, Bryant C. Nelson, Leona D. Scanlan, Shannon K. Hanna, Karina Brignoni, Patricia Lapasett
The nematode Caenorhabditis elegans is used extensively in molecular, toxicological and genetics research. However, standardized methods for counting nematodes in liquid culture do not exist despite the wide use of nematodes and need for accurate

Sucrose density gradient centrifugation for efficient separation of engineered nanoparticles from a model organism, Caenorhabditis elegans

October 11, 2017
Monique E. Johnson, Antonio R. Montoro Bustos, Elijah J. Petersen, Shannon K. Hanna, Karen E. Murphy, Lee L. Yu, Bryant C. Nelson, Michael R. Winchester
This protocol describes a strategy for separating Caenorhabditis elegans (C. elegans) from engineered nanomaterials, a critical step for accurate quantification in uptake studies. Conventional rinsing procedures, typically comprised of water or buffer

Multiple method analysis of TiO2 nanoparticles uptake, accumulation and effects in rice (Oryza sativa L.) plants

August 4, 2017
Yinqging Deng, Elijah J. Petersen, Katie Challis, Savelas A. Rabb, Richard D. Holbrook, James Ranville, Bryant C. Nelson, Baoshan Xing
Understanding the translocation of nanoparticles (NPs) into plants is challenging because quantitative and qualitative methods are still being developed and the comparability of results among different methods is unclear. In this study, the uptake of NPs

Biological Uptake, Distribution and Depuration of Radio-labeled Graphene in Adult Zebrafish: Effects of Graphene Size and Natural Organic Matter

February 27, 2017
Kun Lu, Shipeng Dong, Elijah J. Petersen, Xiaofeng Chang, Peng Wang, Sijie Lin, Liang Mao
The exciting commercial application potential of graphene materials may inevitably lead to their increasing environmental exposure and risk. This study focused on using carbon-14 labeled few-layer graphene (FLG) to determine whether the size of graphene

Biophysical Characterization of Functionalized Titania Nanoparticles and Their Application in Dental Adhesives

February 2, 2017
Jirun Sun, Elijah J. Petersen, Stephanie S. Watson, Christopher M. Sims, Alexander Kassman, Stanislav A. Frukhtbeyn, Drago Skrtic, Meryem T. Ok, Deborah S. Jacobs, Qiang Ye, Bryant C. Nelson
It is demonstrated that carboxylic acid-functionalized titanium dioxide (TiO2) NPs produce significantly higher levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) after visible light irradiation (400–800 nm, 1600 mW/cm2) in comparison to nonfunctionalized TiO2 NPs

Impact of UV irradiation on multiwall carbon nanotubes in nanocomposites: formation of entangled surface layer and mechanisms of release resistance

January 31, 2017
Tinh Nguyen, Elijah J. Petersen, Bastien T. Pellegrin, Justin M. Gorham, Thomas F. Lam, Minhua Zhao, Li Piin Sung
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are increasingly used in consumer and structural polymeric products to enhance a variety of properties. Under weathering, the polymer matrix will degrade and the nanofillers will potentially be released from the products, which

Increasing evidence indicates low bioaccumulation of carbon nanotubes

January 27, 2017
Rhema Bjorkland, David Tobias, Elijah J. Petersen
As the production of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) expands, so does the potential for release into the environment. The possibility of bioaccumulation and toxicological effects has prompted research on their fate and potential ecological effects. For many

Diffusion of multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) through an HDPE geomembrane

January 4, 2017
Pooneh Taghizadeh-Saheli, R. K. Rowe, Elijah J. Petersen, Denis O'Carroll
The new applications for carbon nanotubes (CNTs) in various fields and consequently the increase in their production volume have increased their potential release to the environment. Landfills are one of the major locations where carbon nanotubes are

Separation, Sizing, and Quantitation of Engineered Nanoparticles in an Organism Model Using Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry and Image Analysis

December 16, 2016
Monique E. Johnson, Shannon Hanna, Antonio R. Montoro Bustos, Christopher M. Sims, Lindsay C. Elliott, Babak Nikoobakht, John T. Elliott, Richard D. Holbrook, Keana C. Scott, Karen E. Murphy, Elijah J. Petersen, Lee L. Yu, Bryant C. Nelson, Akshay Lingayat, Adrian C. Johnston
For environmental studies assessing uptake of orally ingested engineered nanoparticles (ENPs), a key step in ensuring accurate quantification of ingested ENPs is efficient separation of the organism from ENPs that are either nonspecifically adsorbed to the

Toward Achieving Harmonization in a Nano-cytotoxicity Assay Measurement through an Interlaboratory Comparison Study

September 29, 2016
John T. Elliott, Matthias Roesslein, Nam W. Song, Blaza Toman, Agnieszka Kinsner-Ovaskainen, Rawiwan Maniratanachote, Marc L. Salit, Elijah J. Petersen, Fatima Sequeira, Jieun Lee, Francois Rossi, Cordula Hirsch, Harald Krug, Wongsakorn Suchaoin, Peter Wick
Design and development of reliable cell-based nanotoxicology assays is important for ranking of potential hazardous engineered nanomaterials. Challenges to producing a reliable assay protocol include working with nanoparticle dispersions and living cell

Design, sensitivity analysis, and testing of a Caenorhabditis elegans nanoecotoxicity assay

August 11, 2016
Shannon Hanna, Gregory A. Cooksey, Bryant C. Nelson, John T. Elliott, Elijah J. Petersen
Increasing production and usage of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) has generated widespread interest in measuring their environmental and human health effects. However, the lack of standardized methods for these measurements has often led to contradictory

Nanomaterials in the aquatic environment: An EU-USA perspective on the status of ecotoxicity testing, research priorities and challenges ahead

June 19, 2016
Selck Henriette, Richard Handy, Teresa Fernandes, Stephen Klaine, Elijah J. Petersen
The US-EU Community of Research (CoR) was established in 2012 to provide a platform for scientists to develop a ‘shared repertoire of protocols and methods to overcome nanoEHS research gaps and barriers’ ( Based on work within the

Considerations of Environmentally-Relevant Test Conditions for Improved Evaluation of Ecological Hazards of Engineered Nanomaterials

June 8, 2016
Patricia Holden, Jorge Gardea-Torresdey, Frederick Klaessig, Ronald Turco, Monika Mortimer, Kerstin Hund-Rinke, David Avery, Damia Barcelo, Renata Behra, Yoram Cohen, Laurence Deydier-Stephan, Barbara Harthorn, Danail Hristozov, John Johnston, Agnes Kane, Larry Kaputska, Arturo Keller, Hunter Lenihan, Wess Lovell, Catherine Murphy, Roger Nisbet, Elijah J. Petersen, Martin Scheringer, Monita Sharma, David Speed, Yasir Sultan, Jason White, Eva Wong, Baoshan Xing, Meghan Steele Horan, Hilary Godwin, Andre Nel
Engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) entering the environment could impact biological populations or entire ecosystems. Ecotoxicology aims to determine effective concentrations, which often exceed those in the environment. ENM behaviors in complex media impede