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NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 151 - 175 of 53301

Improved plutonium and americium photon branching ratios from microcalorimeter gamma spectroscopy

May 14, 2021
Author(s)
Dan Becker, M. D. Yoho, K. E. Koehler, Douglas Bennett, M. H. Carpenter, M. P. Croce, J. D. Gard, John Mates, D. J. Mercer, Nathan Ortiz, Dan Schmidt, C. M. Smith, Daniel Swetz, A. D. Tollefson, Joel Ullom, Leila R. Vale, Abigail Wessels, D. T. Vo
Photon branching ratios are critical input data for activities such as nuclear materials protection and accounting because they allow material compositions to be extracted from measurements of gamma-ray intensities. Uncertainties in these branching ratios

"The devil's in the detail": Release of an expanded, enhanced and dynamically revised forensic STR Sequence Guide

May 13, 2021
Author(s)
Christopher Phillips, Katherine Gettings, Jonathan King, David Ballard, Martin Bodner, Lisa Borsuk, Walther Parson
The STR sequence template file published in 2016 as part of the considerations from the DNA Commission of theInternational Society for Forensic Genetics on minimal STR sequence nomenclature requirements, has been comprehensively revised and audited using

Deconstructing UML, Part 1: Modeling Classes with Categories

May 13, 2021
Author(s)
Sarala Padi, Spencer J. Breiner, Eswaran Subrahmanian, Ram Sriram
In this paper we analyze elements of the Unified Modeling Language (UML), specifically the class diagram, and propose an simplified alternative language based on a branch of mathematics called category theory (CT). We argue that modeling in CT provides a

Environmental Source Tracking of Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances within a Forensic Context: Current and Future Techniques

May 13, 2021
Author(s)
Alix E. Robel, Joseph A. Charbonnet, Jennifer L. Guelfo, Jennifer A. Field, Gerrad D. Jones, Christopher P. Higgins, Damian E. Helbling, Erika F. Houtz
The source tracking of per- and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) is a new and increasingly important field within environmental forensics. We define PFAS source tracking as the accurate characterization and differentiation of multiple sources

Classification of STR allelic variation using massively parallel sequencing and assessment of flanking region power

May 12, 2021
Author(s)
Laurence Devesse, Lucinda Davenport, Lisa Borsuk, Katherine Gettings, Gabriella Mason-Buck, Peter Vallone, David Ballard
The application of massively parallel sequencing (MPS) to forensic genetics has led to improvements in multiple aspects of DNA analysis, however, additional complexities are concurrently associated with these advances. In relation to short tandem repeat

Laboratory Method for Recording AWS-3 LTE Waveforms

May 11, 2021
Author(s)
Aric Sanders, Keith Forsyth, Rob Horansky, Azizollah Kord, Duncan McGillivray
The focus of this work provides a library of actual long-term evolution (LTE) user equipment (UE) emissions with sufficient time resolution and dynamic range for use in spectrum sharing, and interference susceptibility studies. National Advanced Spectrum

NIST Software Package for Obtaining Charpy Transition Curves

May 11, 2021
Author(s)
Enrico Lucon, Jolene Splett, Amanda Koepke, David Newton
NIST has developed a software package that allows users to fit test results obtained from Charpy or toughness tests as a function of test temperature, thereby obtaining so-called transition curves. Non-linear fitting is available for five regression models

Portable bioluminescent platform for in vivo monitoring of biological processes in non-transgenic animals

May 11, 2021
Author(s)
Aleksey Yevtodiyenko, Arkadiy Bazhin, Pavlo Khodakivskyi, Aurelien Godinat, Gyslain Budin, Marina Kunchulia, Giorgio Pietramaggiori, Sandra Scherer, Elena Goun, Sergey Polyakov, George P. Eppeldauer
Bioluminescent imaging (BLI) is one of the most powerful and widely used preclinical imaging modalities. However, the current technology relies on the use of transgenic luciferase-expressing cells and animals and therefore can only be applied to a limited

Role of low molecular weight polymers on the dynamics of silicon anodes during casting

May 11, 2021
Author(s)
Mary Burdette, Beth Armstrong, Ryan Murphy, Luke Heroux, Mathieu Doucet, Stephen Trask, Alexander Rogers, Gabriel Veith
This work probes the slurry architecture of a high silicon content electrode slurry with and without low molecular weight polymeric dispersants as a function of shear rate to mimic electrode casting conditions for poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) and lithium

A Visual Analytics Approach for the Diagnosis of Heterogeneous and Multidimensional Machine Maintenance Data

May 10, 2021
Author(s)
Xiaoyu Zhang, Takanori Fujiwara, Senthil K. Chandrasegaran, Michael Brundage, Thurston Sexton, Alden A. Dima, Kwan-Liu Ma
Analysis of large, high-dimensional, and heterogeneous datasets is challenging as no one technique is suitable for visualizing and clustering such data in order to make sense of the underlying information. For instance, heterogeneous logs detailing machine

Meta-grating outcouplers for optimized beam shaping in the visible

May 10, 2021
Author(s)
Chad Ropp, Alexander Yulaev, Daron Westly, Gregory Simelgor, Vladimir Aksyuk
Accurate coupling between optical modes at the interface between photonic chips and free space is required for the development of many on-chip devices. This control is critical in quantum technologies where large-diameter beams with designed mode profiles

Roadmap of spin-orbit torques

May 10, 2021
Author(s)
Qiming Shao, Li Peng, Luqiao Liu, Hyunsoo Yang, Shunsuke Fukami, Armin Razavi, Hao Wu, Kang L. Wang, Frank Freimuth, Yuriy Mokrousov, Mark D. Stiles, Satoru Emori, Axel Hoffmann, Johan Akerman, Kaushik Roy, Jian-Ping Wang, See-Hun Yang, Kevin Garello, Wei Zhang
Spin-orbit torque (SOT) is an emerging technology that enables the efficient manipulation of spintronic devices. The initial processes of interest in SOTs involved electric fields, spin- orbit coupling, conduction electron spins and magnetization. More

Self-terminating Electrodeposition of Pt on WC Electrocatalysts

May 10, 2021
Author(s)
Thomas P. Moffat
Self-terminating electrochemical deposition is used to grow Pt nanoparticles on tungsten monocarbide (WC) from a pH 4 electrolyte containing 3 mmol/L K2PtCl4 - 0.5 mol/L NaCl. An unconventional potentiodynamic deposition program is used where nucleation is

Optoelectronic Intelligence

May 7, 2021
Author(s)
Jeff Shainline
To design and construct hardware for general intelligence, we must consider principles of both neuroscience and very-large-scale integration. For large neural systems capable of general intelligence, the attributes of photonics for communication and

Study of 5G New Radio (NR) Support for Direct Mode Communications

May 7, 2021
Author(s)
Fernando Cintron, David Griffith, Chunmei Liu, Richard A. Rouil, Yishen Sun, Jian Wang, Peng Liu, Chen Shen, Aziza Ben Mosbah, Samantha Gamboa Quintiliani
In public safety communications, direct mode communication is essential to keep first responders connected, especially when there is no network coverage. Direct mode communication is supported in Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) Long Term

The Total Costs of Seismic Retrofits: State of the Art

May 7, 2021
Author(s)
Juan Fung, David Butry, Siamak Sattar, Steven McCabe
This article presents the current state-of-practice with respect to quantifying the total cost to retrofit an existing building. In particular, we combine quantitative, qualitative, and heuristic data to provide a taxonomy for understanding the direct and
Displaying 151 - 175 of 53301