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Displaying 476 - 500 of 53297

optbayesexpt: Sequential Bayesian Experiment Design for Adaptive Measurements

February 3, 2021
Author(s)
Robert McMichael, Sean M. Blakley, Sergey Dushenko
Optbayesexpt is a free, open-source python package that provides adaptive algorithms for efficient estimation/measurement of parameters in a model function. Parameter estimation is the type of measurement one would conventionally tackle with a sequence of

Single-Flux-Quantum Multiplier Circuits for Synthesizing Gigahertz Waveforms With Quantum-Based Accuracy

February 3, 2021
Author(s)
Manuel C. Castellanos Beltran, David I. Olaya, Adam J. Sirois, Christine A. Donnelly, Paul Dresselhaus, Samuel Benz, Peter F. Hopkins
We designed, simulated, and experimentally demonstrated components for a microwave frequency digital-to-analog converter (DAC) based on rapid single flux quantum (RSFQ) circuits and a superconducting amplifier based on SQUID stacks. These are key

Structural Performance of Nuclear Power Plant Concrete Structures Affected by Alkali-Silica Reaction (ASR) - Task 2: Assessing Bond and Anchorage of Reinforcing Bars in ASR-Affected Concrete

February 3, 2021
Author(s)
Travis E. Thonstad, Jonathan Weigand, Fahim Sadek, Sorin Marcu, timothy J. barrett, Hai S. Lew, Long T. Phan, Adam L. Pintar
This report describes the results of Task 2 of a five-task comprehensive research program being conducted at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) under the sponsorship of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The overall study

Graphene Quantum Hall Effect Parallel Resistance Arrays

February 2, 2021
Author(s)
Alireza R. Panna, I Fan Hu, Mattias Kruskopf, Dinesh K. Patel, Dean G. Jarrett, Chieh-I Liu, Shamith U. Payagala, Dipanjan Saha, David Newell, Chi-Te Liang, Randolph Elmquist, Albert Rigosi
As first recognized in 2010, epitaxial graphene on SiC(0001) provides a platform for quantized Hall resistance (QHR) metrology unmatched by other 2D structures and materials. Here we report graphene parallel QHR arrays, with metrologically precise

Absolute energies and emission line shapes of the x-ray lines of lanthanide metals

February 1, 2021
Author(s)
Joseph Fowler, Galen O'Neil, Bradley K. Alpert, Douglas Bennett, Edward V. Denison, William Doriese, Gene Hilton, Lawrence T. Hudson, Young I. Joe, Kelsey Morgan, Daniel Schmidt, Daniel Swetz, Csilla I. Szabo-Foster, Joel Ullom
We use an array of transition-edge sensors, cryogenic microcalorimeters with 4 eV energy resolution, to measure the x-ray emission-line profiles of four elements of the lanthanide series: praseodymium, neodymium, terbium, and holmium. The spectrometer also

Twisted Hessian Isogenies

February 1, 2021
Author(s)
Dustin Moody, Thinh H. Dang, Fouazou Lontouo Perez, Emmanuel Fouotsa
Elliptic curves are typically defined by Weierstrass equations. Given a kernel, the well-known V Velu's formula shows how to explicitly write down an isogeny between Weierstrass curves. However, it is not clear how to do the same on other forms of elliptic

Electro-optic frequency combs for rapid interrogation in cavity optomechanics

January 29, 2021
Author(s)
David Long, Benjamin J. Reschovsky, Feng Zhou, Yiliang Bao, Thomas W. LeBrun, Jason Gorman
Electro-optic frequency combs were employed to rapidly interrogate an optomechanical sensor, demonstrating spectral resolution substantially exceeding that possible with a mode-locked frequency comb. Frequency combs were generated using an integrated

Microwaves in Quantum Computing

January 29, 2021
Author(s)
Joseph C. Bardin, Daniel Slichter, David J. Reilly
The growing field of quantum computing relies on a broad range of microwave technologies, and has spurred development of microwave devices and methods in new operating regimes. Here we review the use of microwave signals and systems in quantum computing

Performance Evaluation of Terrestrial Laser Scanners - A Review

January 27, 2021
Author(s)
Balasubramanian Muralikrishnan
Terrestrial laser scanners (TLSs) are increasingly used in several applications such as reverse engineering, digital reconstruction of historical monuments, geodesy and surveying, deformation monitoring of structures, forensic crime scene preservation

A Highly-enriched 244Pu Reference Material for Nuclear Safeguards and Nuclear Forensic Measurements

January 26, 2021
Author(s)
Richard Essex, Ross W. Williams, Kerri C. Treinen, Amelie Hubert, Marc A. Humphrey, Jeremy D. Inglis, William S. Kinman, Joel Maassen, Maxim V. Penkin, Robert E. Steiner
A highly-enriched 244Pu isotope dilution reference material has been prepared and characterized for metrologically traceable measurements of very small quantities of plutonium. The amount of plutonium in samples associated with nuclear safeguards and

A new highly enriched 233U reference material for improved simultaneous determination of uranium amount and isotope amount ratios in trace level samples

January 26, 2021
Author(s)
Richard Essex, Ross W. Williams, Kayron T. Rogers, Cole R. Hexel, Tashi Parsons-Davis, Kerri C. Treinen
A highly-enriched 233U reference material (>0.99987 n(233U)/n(U)) has been prepared and characterized for use as an isotope dilution mass spectrometry spike. An ion exchange separation was performed on 1 gram of high purity 233U to further reduce trace

Quantitative Analysis of Zirconium Alloys Using Borate Fusion and Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

January 26, 2021
Author(s)
John R. Sieber, Anthony F. Marlow, Rick L. Paul, Charles A. Barber, Laura J. Wood, Lee L. Yu, Alaina Rieke, Amy Kutnerian, Jessica McCandless, Candace Wallace
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) uses borate fusion, wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WDXRF) spectrometry and synthetic calibration standards for high performance, quantitative analyses of a wide range of materials

The membership problem for constant-sized quantum correlations is undecidable

January 26, 2021
Author(s)
Carl Miller, Honghao Fu, William Slofstra
When two spatially separated parties make measurements on an unknown entangled quantum state, what correlations can they achieve? How difficult is it to determine whether a given correlation is a quantum correlation? These questions are central to problems
Displaying 476 - 500 of 53297