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Displaying 26 - 50 of 55646

What does the pixel measure?

January 11, 2023
Author(s)
David W. Flater
The pixel is often used as a unit of measurement in information technology. Unfortunately, there is not a simple, consistently-applicable answer to what it is a measure of. This report analyzes the pixel unit through the lens of metrology and shows how one

The Proteomics Standards Initiative at Twenty Years: Current Activities and Future Work

January 10, 2023
Author(s)
Eric Deutsch, Juan Antonio Vizcaino, Andrew Jones, Pierre-Alain Binz, Henry Lam, Joshua Klein, Wout Bittremeieux, Yasset Perez-Riverol, David Tabb, Mathias Walzer, Sylvie Ricard-Blum, Henning Hermjakob, Steffen Neumann, Tytus Mak, Shin Kawano, Luis Mendoza, Tim Van Den Bossche, Ralf Gabriels, Nuno Bandeira, Jeremy Carver, Benjamin Pullman, Zhi Sun, Nils Hoffman, Jim Shofstahl, Yunping Zhu, Federica Quaglia, Silvio Tosatto, Sandra Orchard
The Human Proteome Organization (HUPO) Proteomics Standards Initiative (PSI) has been successfully developing guidelines, data formats, and controlled vocabularies (CVs) for the proteomics community and other fields supported by mass spectrometry since its

Entropy Scaling of Viscosity for Molecular Models of Molten Salts

January 9, 2023
Author(s)
Jeffrey Young, Ian Bell, Allan H. Harvey
Entropy scaling relates dynamic and thermodynamic properties by reducing the viscosity to be a function of only the residual entropy. Molecular simulations are used to investigate the entropy scaling of the viscosity of three models of sodium chloride and

Formalizing and Reasoning about Supply Chain Contracts between Agents

January 8, 2023
Author(s)
Dylan Flynn, Chasity Nadeau, Jeannine Shantz, Marcello Balduccini, Tran Son, Edward Griffor
Inspired by the recent problems in supply chains, we propose an approach to declarative modeling of contracts between agents that will eventually support reasoning about resilience of and about ways to improve supply chains. Specifically, we present a high

Does friction contribute to formability improvement using servo press?

January 6, 2023
Author(s)
Dilip K. Banerjee, Kali Prasad, Aishwary Gupta, Hariharan Krishnaswamy, Uday Chakkingal, Myoung-Gyu Lee
Servo press forming machines are advanced forming systems that are capable of imparting interrupted punch motion, resulting in enhanced room temperature formability. The exact mechanism of the formability improvement is not yet established. The

Interface formation and Schottky barrier height for Y, Nb, Au, and Pt on Ge as determined by hard x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy

January 6, 2023
Author(s)
Abdul Rumaiz, Ian Harding, Conan Weiland, Neha Nooman, Thomas Krings, Ethan Hull, Gabriele Giacomini, Wei Chen, Eric J. Cockayne, D. Peter Simmons, Joseph Woicik
Development of a robust, thin, hole-blocking (n+) contact on high purity germanium (HPGe) has been the main challenge in the development of Ge-based radiation sensors. Yttrium has been reported to be a viable hole-blocking contact on HPGe, and detectors

Value Assignment of Standard Reference Material(R) 1849b Infant/Adult Nutritional Formula I

January 6, 2023
Author(s)
Melissa M. Phillips, Laura Wood, Charles Barber, Bruce Scruggs, John Sieber, James H. Yen, Lee L. Yu
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Standard Reference Material® (SRM®) 1849b Infant/Adult Nutritional Formula I delivers certified or non-certified values for over 100 analytes. This material is intended to be used for the evaluation

On Migrating ISO 10303 PMI Models to a Common Core

January 4, 2023
Author(s)
Allison Barnard Feeney, Thomas Thurman
Industrial users of ISO 10303 STandard for the Exchange of Product Model Data (STEP) protocols needed the ability to exchange design product data that is in conformance with recently updated ISO geometric product specification (GPS) standards, the American

Uncertainties in Swift hardening law parameters and their influence on the flow stress and the hole expansion behavior of dual phase (DP600) steel specimens

January 4, 2023
Author(s)
Dilip K. Banerjee, Kali Prasad, Deepak Kumar, Krishnaswamy Hariharan
Swift hardening law is one of the most widely used phenomenological models to describe flow stress-strain behavior in sheet metal forming simulations. In the present study, a statistical approach was used to investigate the effect of material property

OpenMFC 2022 Evaluation Program

January 3, 2023
Author(s)
Haiying Guan, Baptiste Chocot, Ilia Ghorbanian Bajgiran, Lukas Diduch, Yooyoung Lee, Christopher Tu

Dealing with counts and other quantal quantities in quantity calculus

January 1, 2023
Author(s)
David W. Flater
Continuity is usually assumed as a defining feature of measured quantities. This premise is false for counted quantities, amount of substance, electric charge, and others that are constrained to exist in integral multiples of a quantum. A software

Field-Deployable Devices

January 1, 2023
Author(s)
Thomas P. Forbes, Raychelle Burks
Reductions in instrument size, weight, and power continue to facilitate the development and application of field-deployable devices for investigative purposes. Portable analytical instrumentation supporting the rapid and reliable identification of two

Measuring Dimensionality of Cell-Scaffold Contacts of Primary Human Bone Marrow Stromal Cells Cultured on Electrospun Fiber Scaffolds

January 1, 2023
Author(s)
Carl Simon Jr., Peter Bajcsy, Joe Chalfoun, Michael Paul Majurski, Mary C. Brady, Mylene Simon, Nathan Hotaling, Nick Schaub, Allison Horenberg, Piotr Szczypinski, Dongbo Wang, Veronica DeFelice, Soweon Yoon, Stephanie Florczyk
The properties and structure of the cellular microenvironment can influence cell behavior. Sites of cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM) initiate intracellular signaling that direct cell functions such as proliferation, differentiation and

Mechanism of Bismuth Stimulated Bottom-up Gold Feature Filling

December 30, 2022
Author(s)
Daniel Josell, Trevor Braun, Thomas P. Moffat
The mechanism that underlies 〖Bi〗^(3+)-stimulated extreme bottom-up Au filling of trenches and vias in slightly alkaline 〖Na〗_3 Au(〖SO〗_3 )_2+〖Na〗_2 〖SO〗_3 electrolytes is explored. The remarkable void-free feature filling and self-passivation behavior

Reconstruction of Parent Microstructures in TRIP Titanium Alloys

December 28, 2022
Author(s)
Alec Saville, Ben Ellyson, Jake Benzing, Amy Clarke
The metastable β-Ti titanium alloy Ti-10V-2Fe-3Al (wt%) exhibits transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) (or the transformation of the parent β phase to product martensite) and desirable work hardening characteristics. However, the majority of the parent

Simulation of Residential CO Exposures from Portable Generators with and without CO Hazard Mitigation Systems Meeting Requirements of Voluntary Standards, Revision 1

December 28, 2022
Author(s)
Steven Emmerich, Brian Polidoro, Matthew Hnatov, Janet Buyer, Matthew Brookman
This report documents work performed by the U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC or Commission) under an interagency agreement in support of the Commission's effort to address the

2022 Update for the Differences Between Thermodynamic Temperature and ITS 90 Below 335 K

December 27, 2022
Author(s)
Christof Gaiser, Bernd Fellmuth, Roberto Maria Gavioso, Murat Kalemci, Vladimir Kytin, Tohru Nakano, Laurent Pitre, Anatoli Pokhodun, Patrick Rourke, Richard Rusby, Peter P.M. Steur, Weston L. Tew, Robin James Underwood, Rod White, Inseok Yang, Jintao Zhang
In 2011, a working group of the Consultative Committee for Thermometry published best estimates of the differences between thermodynamic temperature (T) and the International Temperature Scale ITS 90 (T90). But for temperatures below 335 K, it was stated

Characterizing light engine uniformity and its influence on LCD-based vat photopolymerization printing

December 27, 2022
Author(s)
Benjamin Caplins, Callie Higgins, Thomas Kolibaba, Uwe Arp, C Cameron Miller, Dianne L. Poster, Clarence Zarobila, Yuqin Zong, Jason Killgore
Vat photopolymerization (VP) is a rapidly growing category of additive manufacturing. As VP methods mature the expectation is that the quality of printed parts will be highly reproducible. At present, detailed characterization of the light engines used in
Displaying 26 - 50 of 55646