Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 51 - 75 of 1638

Simulated filament shapes in embedded 3D printing

July 22, 2021
Leanne Friedrich, Jonathan Seppala
Embedded 3D printing, wherein fluid inks are extruded into a bath, has enabled the manufacture of complex, custom structures ranging from cell-laden tissue analogues to soft robotics. This method encompasses two techniques: embedded ink writing (EIW)

Microbial interactions with silicate glasses

July 17, 2021
Jamie Weaver, Carolyn Pearce, Robert Koestler, Bruce Arey, Albert Kruger, Paula DePriest, Andrew Plymale
Glass alteration in the presence of microorganisms has been a topic of research for over 150 years. Researchers from a variety of disciplines, including material science, biology, chemistry, geology, physics, and cultural heritage materials preservation

Density Functional Theory Study of the Structure of the Pillared Hofmann compound Ni(3-Methy-4,4'-bipyridine)[Ni(CN)4] (Ni-BpyMe or PICNIC 21)

July 14, 2021
Eric J. Cockayne, Winnie Wong-Ng, Yu-Sheng Chen, Jeffrey T. Culp, Andrew J. Allen
We use dispersion-corrected density functional theory (DFT) to investigate the structure of the pillared Hofmann compound Ni(3-Methy-4,4'-bipyridine)[Ni(CN)4] (NiBpyMe for short, or PICNIC 21). We model the disorder found in experimental X-ray structure

Preservative Induced Polysorbate 80 Micelle Aggregation

June 1, 2021
Peter H. Gilbert, Zhenhuan Zhang, Ken K. Qian, David P. Allen, Norman J. Wagner, Yun Liu
Small angle neutron scattering (SANS) studies of a model pharmaceutical formulation reveal how formulation stability depends on the compatibility of individual components. Solutions of two common protein formulation excipients, polysorbate 80 (PS80), a

Fabrication of 3D Printed Hydroxyapatite Composite Scaffolds for Bone Regeneration

May 19, 2021
Yoontae Kim, Eun-Jin Lee, Albert Davydov, Stanislav Frakhtbeyen, Jonathan Seppala, Laurence Chow, Tagaki Shozo, Stella Alimperti
Additive biomanufacturing has been adapted in a wide variety of biomedical and tissue engineering applications, including orthopedics. The ability to print biocompatible, patient-specific geometries with controlled porosity, mechanical strength has made

Graded Magnetic Materials

May 17, 2021
Lorenzo Fallarino, Brian Kirby, Eric E. Fullerton
Graded magnetic materials represent a promising new avenue in modern material science from both fundamental and application points of view. Over the course of the last few years, remarkable results have been obtained in (epitaxial) heterostructures based

NIST Software Package for Obtaining Charpy Transition Curves

May 11, 2021
Enrico Lucon, Jolene Splett, Amanda Koepke, David Newton
NIST has developed a software package that allows users to fit test results obtained from Charpy or toughness tests as a function of test temperature, thereby obtaining so-called transition curves. Non-linear fitting is available for five regression models

Self-terminating Electrodeposition of Pt on WC Electrocatalysts

May 10, 2021
Thomas P. Moffat
Self-terminating electrochemical deposition is used to grow Pt nanoparticles on tungsten monocarbide (WC) from a pH 4 electrolyte containing 3 mmol/L K2PtCl4 - 0.5 mol/L NaCl. An unconventional potentiodynamic deposition program is used where nucleation is

Molecular View on Mechanical Reinforcement in Polymer Nanocomposites

May 4, 2021
Ruikun Sun, Matthew Melton, Niloofar Safaie, Jr. Ferrier, Shiwang Cheng, Yun Liu, Xiaobing Zuo, Yangyang Wang
The microscopic origin of mechanical enhancement in polymer nanocomposites (PNCs) is investigated through the combination of rheology and small-angle neutron scattering. It is shown that in the absence of an extensive particle network, the molecular

Observation of Anti-Damping Spin-Orbit Torques Generated by In-Plane and Out-of-Plane Spin Polarizations in MnPd 3

May 4, 2021
Mahendra DC, Ding-Fu Shao, Vincent D.-H. Hou, Patrick Quarterman, Ali Habiboglu, Brooks Venuti, Masashi Miura, Brian Kirby, Arturas Vailionis, Chong Bi, Xiang Li, Fen Xue, Yen-Lin Huang, Yong Deng, Shy-Jay Lin, Wilman Tsai, Serena Eley, Weigang Wang, Julie A. Borchers, Evgeny Y. Tsymbal, Shan X. Wang
High spin-orbit torques (SOTs) generated by topological materials and heavy metals interfaced with a ferromagnetic layer show promise for next generation magnetic memory and logic devices. SOTs generated from the in-plane spin polarization along y-axis

A Controlled Vocabulary and Metadata Schema for Materials Science Data Discovery

April 29, 2021
Andrea M. Medina-Smith, Chandler Becker, Raymond L. Plante, Laura Bartolo, Alden A. Dima, James A. Warren, Robert Hanisch
The International Materials Resource Registries (IMRR) working group of the Research Data Alliance (RDA) was created to spur initial development of a federated registry system to allow for easier discovery and access to materials data. As part of this

Catalyst Enabled in Situ Linkage Reduction in Imine Covalent Organic Frameworks

April 29, 2021
Jiyun Hu, Federica Zanca, Gregory McManus, Isabella Riha, Huong Giang Nguyen, William Shirley, Collin Borcik, Benjamin Wylie, Mourad Benamara, Roger van Zee, Peyman Moghadam, M. Hassan Beyzavi
New linkages for covalent organic frameworks (COFs) have been continuously pursued by chemists as it serves as the structure and property foundation for the materials. Developing new reaction types or modifying known linkages have been the only two methods

Ambient-Temperature Hydrogen Storage via Vanadium(II)-Dihydrogen Complexation in a Metal-Organic Framework

April 28, 2021
David Jaramillo, Henry Jiang, Hayden Evans, Romit Chakraborty, Hiroyasu Furukawa, Craig Brown, Martin Head-Gordon, Jeffrey Long
The widespread implementation of H2 as a fuel is currently hindered by the high pressures or cryogenic temperatures required to achieve reasonable storage densities. In contrast, the realization of materials that strongly and reversibly adsorb hydrogen at
Displaying 51 - 75 of 1638