Skip to main content
U.S. flag

An official website of the United States government

Official websites use .gov
A .gov website belongs to an official government organization in the United States.

Secure .gov websites use HTTPS
A lock ( ) or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the .gov website. Share sensitive information only on official, secure websites.

Search Publications

NIST Authors in Bold

Displaying 76 - 100 of 1624

Controlling Bicontinuous Structures through Solvent Segregation Driven Gel

February 16, 2021
Yuyin Xi, Juscelino Leao, Qiang Ye, Ronald S. Lankone, Li Piin Sung, Yun Liu
The past decade has seen increased research interests in studying bicontinuous structures formed by the colloidal self-assembly due to their many useful applications. A new type of colloidal gel, solvent segregation driven gel (SeedGel), has been recently

National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan 2020

February 9, 2021
Heather Evans, Kristen K. Greene, William M. Healy, Elizabeth Hoffman, Kate Rimmer, Anna V. Sberegaeva, Neil M. Zimmerman
The 2020 National Institute of Standards and Technology Environmental Scan provides an analysis of key external factors that could impact NIST and the fulfillment of its mission in coming years. The analyses were conducted through four separate lenses

Strong Ferromagnetism Achieved via Breathing Lattices in Atomically Thin Cobaltites

January 27, 2021
Sisi Li, Qinghua Zhang, Shan Lin, Xiahan Sang, Ryan F. Need, Manuel A. Roldan, Wenjun Cui, Zhiyi Hu, Qiao Jin, Shuang Chen, Jiali Zhao, Jia-Ou Wang, Jiesu Wang, Meng He, Chen Ge, Can Wang, Hui-Bin Lu, Zhenping Wu, Haizhong Guo, Xin Tong, Tao Zhu, Brian Kirby, Lin Gu, Kui-juan Jin, Er-Jia Guo
Low-dimensional quantum materials that retain strong ferromagnetism down to monolayer thickness hold great potential for spintronic applications. However, ferromagnetism in the transition metal oxides decays severely when the thickness is scaled to the

Solution Structure of Zinc-Seamed C-alkylpyrogallol[4]arene Dimeric Nanocapsules

January 15, 2021
Harshita Kumari, Wei G. Wycoff, Collin M. Mayhan, Steven R. Kline, Joshua R. So, Carol A. Deakyne, John E. Adams, Jerry L. Atwood
The structural stability and solution geometry of zinc-seamed C-propylpyrogallol[4]arene dimers with ligands has been studied in solution using in situ neutron scattering and 2D-DOSY NMR 15 methods. In comparison with the structures of the analogous copper

Multiscale Microstructure, Composition, and Stability of Surfactant/Polymer Foams

December 8, 2020
Stefania Perticaroli, Jana Herzberger, Yiping Sun, Jonathan D. Nickels, Ryan Murphy, Kathleen Weigandt, Paula J. Ray
Foam stability is a critical part of product performance and consumer experience in materials as diverse as beer or detergents. Inclusion of polymer additives is a known strategy to improve foam stability, but questions persist about the amount of polymer

Exchange Bias Switching in an Antiferromagnet/Ferromagnet Bilayer Driven by Spin-Orbit Torque

December 1, 2020
Shouzhong Peng, Daoqian Zhu, Weixiang Li, Hao Wu, Alexander Grutter, Dustin A. Gilbert, Jiaqi Lu, Danrong Xiong, Wenlong Cai, Padraic Shafer, Kang L. Wang, Weisheng Zhao
Electrical manipulation of exchange bias and magnetization in antiferromagnet/ferromagnet thin films has been of great interest in recent years. Here, we experimentally demonstrate current-induced switching of exchange bias in perpendicularly magnetized

Strain-Induced Creation and Switching of Anion Vacancy Layers in Perovskite Oxynitrides

November 23, 2020
Takafumi Yamamoto, Akira Chikamatsu, Shunsaku Kitagawa, Nana Izumo, Shunsuke Yamashita, Hiroshi Takatsu, Masayuki Ochi, Takahiro Maryuama, Morito Namba, Wenhao Sun, Takahide Nakashima, Fumitaka Takeiri, Kotaro Fujii, Masatomo Yashima, Yuki Sugisawa, Masahito Sano, Yashushi Hirose, Daiichiro Sekiba, Craig Brown, Takashi Honda, Kazutaka Ikeda, Toshiya Otomo, Kazuhiko Kuroki, Kenji Ishida, Takao Mori, Koji Kimoto, Tetsuya Hasegawa, Hiroshi Kageyama
Perovskite oxides, ABO3, can host a variety of anion vacancies in the form of chains or layers, which results in various properties1-3 and thus the manipulation of vacancy patterns is of considerable interest. Separately, lattice strain between thin-film


November 18, 2020
Christopher C. White, Donald L. Hunston, Kar tean Tan
The non-linear viscoelastic properties of a model sealant were measured using stress relaxation tests conducted at different strain levels, x. Some specimens were measured with no previous strain history while others were given a preconditioning that

Multiphase Magnetism in Yb 2 Ti 2 O 7

November 3, 2020
Allen Scheie, Jonas Kindervater, Shu Zhang, Hitesh Changlani, Gabriele Sala, Georg Ehlers, Andre Heinemann, Gregory Tucker, Seyed Koohpayeh, Collin L. Broholm

Materials Research & Measurement Needs for Ceramics Additive Manufacturing

November 1, 2020
Andrew J. Allen, Igor Levin, Suzanne E. Witt
We report on a recent workshop dedicated to additive manufacturing (AM) of ceramics that was held at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) in November 2019. This two- day all-invited meeting brought together experts from industry

Reduction of charge offset drift using plasma oxidized aluminum in SETs

October 26, 2020
Yanxue Hong, Ryan Stein, Michael Stewart, Neil M. Zimmerman, Joshua M. Pomeroy
Aluminum oxide (AlOx)-based single-electron transistors (SETs) fabricated in ultra-high vacuum (UHV) chambers using in situ plasma oxidation show excellent stabilities over more than a week, enabling applications as tunnel barriers, capacitor dielectrics

Structural Properties of Kerogens with Different Maturities

October 15, 2020
Wei-Shan Chiang, Jin-hong Chen, David Jacobi, Taner N. Yildirim
The thermogenic transformation of kerogen into hydrocarbons accompanies the development of a pore network within the kerogen that serves as gas storage locations both in pore space and surface area for adsorbed gas within the source rock. Therefore, the

Dynamics of Hydroxyl Anions Promotes Lithium Ion Conduction in Antiperovskite Li 2 OHCl

October 13, 2020
Fei Wang, Hayden Evans, Kwangnam Kim, Liang Yin, Yiliang Li, Ping-Chun Tsai, Jue Liu, Saul H. Lapidus, Craig Brown, Donald J. Siegel, Yet-Ming Chiang
Li2OHCl is an exemplar of the anti-perovskite family of ionic conductors, for which high ionic conductivities have been reported, but in which the atomic-level mechanism of ion migration is unclear. The stable phase is highly defective, having 1/3 of the

Position-Dependent Diffusion Dynamics of Entangled Polymer Melts Nanoconfined by Parallel Immiscible Polymer Films

October 9, 2020
Kyong-Il Jo, Yonghoon Oh, Tae-Ho Kim, Joona Bang, Guangcui Yuan, Sushil K. Satija, Bong J. Sung, Jaseung Koo
The morphological structure and dynamics of confined polymers adjacent to the polymer–polymer interface have a profound effect on determining the overall physical properties of polymer blends. We measured the diffusion dynamics of polymethylmethacrylate
Displaying 76 - 100 of 1624